Pengaruh Pupuk terhadap Pertanaman Kacang Hijau dan Residunya pada Tanaman Kacang Tunggak

Sri Ayu Dwi Lestari, . Sutrisno, Henny Kuntyastuti

Abstract


The objective of this research was to determine the effect of fertilization on four varieties mungbean in ultisol acid soils and its residual on cowpea. The experiment was conducted at the screen house of Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI), Malang, East Java, from November 2014-April 2015. Two types of research conducted sequentially, the first planting was four mungbean varieties and the second planting was cowpea (continued from the first planting) without additional fertilizer. This experiment was laid out in split plot design, replicated three times. In the first planting, mungbean as the main plot, namely Kenari (V1), Murai (V2), Kutilang (V3), and Vima 1 (V4). Fertilizer rates as the sub plot, namely control or without fertilizer (P0), 300 kg Phonska/ha (P1), 1500 kg cow manure/ha (P2), 3000 kg cow manure/ha (P3), and 5000 kg cow manure/ha (P4). The cowpea variety used in the second planting was KT 4, with the experiment design following the first planting. The results from first planting showed that growth of mungbean varieties was relatively same at ultisol acid soils, and seed yield can increase by application 300 kg/ha Phonska or 3000 kg cow manure/ha. The growth of cowpea showed the best result on both fertilizers indicating the presence of fertilizer residue from first planting.


Keywords


best rates, cow manure, production, residual fertilizer, ultisol soils

Full Text:

PDF

References


Burhanuddin, Nurmansyah. 2010. Pengaruh pemberian pupuk kandang dan kapur terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi nilam pada tanah podsolik merah kuning. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. 21(2): 138-144.

Flor CA, Thung MT. 1989. Nutritional Disorders. In H.F. Schwartz and M.A. Pastor-Carrolas. Bean Production Problems in The Tropics. 2nd edt. Colombia (CO): CIAT, Cali.

Hartatik W, Widowati LR. 2006. Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Jakarta (ID). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian.

Kasno A. 2007. Kacang Hijau Alternatif yang Menguntungkan Ditanam di Lahan Kering. Tabloid Sinar Tani 23 Mei 2007.

Khan S, Khalil SK. 2014. Integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers in wheat and their residual effect on subsequent mungbean. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences. 3(8): 835-844.

Kristiono A, Subandi. 2014. Evaluasi efektivitas pupuk organik untuk tanaman kedelai di lahan kering masam. Dalam: Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi 2013. Balitkabi, Malang (ID): 22 Mei 2013.

Kuntyastuti H. 2003. Pengaruh residu pupuk setelah tiga musim tanam terhadap kedelai di lahan sawah entisol. Sains Tanah. 3(2): 53-57.

Kuntyastuti H, Lestari SAD. 2016. Pengaruh interaksi antara dosis pupuk dan populasi tanaman terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil kacang hijau pada lahan kering beriklim kering. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. 35(3): 239-249. http://doi.org/cmkr

Kuntyastuti H, Muzaiyanah S. 2017. Effect of organic fertilizer and its residual on cowpea and soybean in acid soils. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management. 5(1): 987-994. http://doi.org/cmks

Lestari SAD, Kuntyastuti H. 2016. Pengaruh pupuk kandang dan pupuk anorganik terhadap berbagai varietas kacang hijau di tanah masam. Buletin Palawija. 14(2): 55-62.

Maschner P. 2011. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, Third Edition. California (US): Academic Press Inc.

Meena RS, Dhakal Y, Bohra JS, Singh SP, Singh MK, Sanodiya P, Meena H. 2015. Influence of bioinorganic combinations on yield, quality, and economics of mungbean. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 8(3): 159-166. http://doi.org/cmkt

Mulyani A. 2006. Potensi lahan kering masam untuk pengembangan pertanian. Jurnal Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 28(2): 16-17.

Murtilaksono K, Anwar S. 2014. Potensi, Kendala dan Strategi Pemanfaatan Lahan Kering dan Kering Masam untuk Pertanian (Padi, Jagung, Kedelai), Peternakan, dan Perkebunan dengan Menggunakan Teknologi Tepat Guna dan Spesifik Lokasi. Dalam: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal. Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang (ID): 26-27 September 2014.

Nariratih I, Damanik MMB, Sitanggang G. 2013. Ketersediaan nitrogen pada tiga jenis tanah akibat pemberian tiga bahan organik dan serapannya pada tanaman jagung. Jurnal Online Agroteknologi. 1(3): 479-488.

Oroka FA, Omoregie AU. 2007. Competition in a rice-cowpea intercrop as affected by nitrogen fertilizer and plant population. Scientia Agricola. 64(6): 621-629. http://doi.org/b8qgzz

Santoso D, Chaidamsari T, Syafaruddin DS. 2011. Pengaruh rumput laut untuk pertumbuhan dan produksi padi gogo, jagung, dan kelapa sawit. Menara Perkebunan. 79(2): 65-69.

Sudarsono WA, Melati M, Aziz SA. 2013. Pertumbuhan, serapan hara, dan hasil kedelai organik melalui aplikasi pupuk kandang sapi. Journal Agron Indonesia. 41(3): 202-208.

Sudaryono, Kuswantoro H. 2011. Optimalisasi Penggunaan Pupuk Organik dan Anorganik pada Kedelai di Tanah Kering Masam. Dalam: Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi 2011. Balitkabi. Malang (ID): 15 November 2011.

Sudaryono, Prihastuti, Wijanarko A. 2011. Eksplorasi Potensi Kesuburan dan Kesesuaian Lahan di Wilayah Kecamatan Bumi Nabung dan Rumbia, Lampung Tengah untuk Pengembangan Tanaman Kedelai. Dalam: Prosiding Seminar Pendampingan Inovasi Merupakan Gerbang Menuju Peningkatan Ketahanan Pangan dan Kesejahteraan Petani. Pemda Lampung, Fak Pertanian Univ Lampung, Perhiptani Lampung, dan BPTP Lampung. Lampung (ID): 21 Maret 2011.

Suharja, Sutarno. 2009. Biomass, chlorophyll, and nitrogen content of leaves of two chili pepper varieties (Capsicum annum) in different fertilization treatments. Nusantara Bioscience. 1(1): 9-16.

Teixeira PEG, Fernandes AR, Galvao JR, Pereira WVdSP, Casanova SRA, Filho PPdCA. 2016. Cowpea yield on soils with residues of NPK and natural phosphate fertilizers in succession the area of degraded pasture. Revista Ceres, Vicosa. 63(4): 553-557. http://doi.org/cmkv

Unagwu BO, Asadu CLA, Ezeaku PI. 2013. Residual effects of organic and NPK fertilizers in maize performance at different soil ph levels. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 5(5): 47-53. http://doi.org/cmkw

Zerihun A, Haile D. 2017. The effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield of two contrasting soybean varieties and residual nutrient effects on a subsequent finger millet crop. Agronomy. 7(2): 1-15.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18343/jipi.23.1.21

View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62-51-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id