COGNITIVE FUNCTION, SOCIAL INTERACTION, AND SELF CONCEPT OF ELDERLY WIDOWS AND WIDOWERS

Dewi Sukma Nurul Aziz, Diah Krinatuti

Abstract


The final stage of life in the elderly experienced changes of physical, psychological, or social that can effect instability of self concept. The aim of this research was to analyzed the effect of cognitive function, social interaction to self concept of elderly widows and widowers. The location of this research in Timbulharjo village, Sewon sub-district, Bantul district, Yogyakarta who chosen purposively with the consideration of the region which have the most elderly. The sample of this research was the elderly people aged more than 60 years old that have been abandoned by partner of life during grater than or equal to 2 years a go. Sample total of this research were 30 elderly widows and 30 elderly widowers. This research showed that there were not difference of cognitive function and social interaction between of elderly widows and elderly widowers, however there was difference of self concept between of elderly widows and widowers. In addition, ages and education have correlation with cognitive function, and social interaction have correlation with self concept. Meanwhile, marital status have negative influence and social interaction have positive influence to self concept so that widows status can decrease self concept of elderly, and better social interaction than better of self concept of elderly.


Keywords


cognitive function; elderly widows and widowers; self concept; social interaction

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anwar MK. 2016. Hubungan antara konsep diri dengan interaksi sosial pada perawat di Rumah Sakit Islam Surakarta [skripsi]. Surakarta (ID): Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Ardiles AO, Tapia-Rojas CC, Mandal M. 2012. Postsynaptic dysfunction is associated with spatial and object recognition memory loss in a natural model of Alzheimer’s disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci 109: 13835-13840

Awaningrum LN. 2007. Psychological well-being perempuan lanjut usia yang mengalami grief karena kematian suami [skripsi]. Depok (ID): Universitas Indonesia

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia. Jakarta (ID): BPS

Dayamaes R. 2013. Gambaran fungsi kognitif klien usia lanjut di Posbindu Rosella Legoso Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Ciputat Timur Tangerang Selatan [skripsi]. Jakarta (ID): Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah

Desiningrum DR. 2014. Kesejahteraan psikologis lansia janda/duda ditinjau dari persepsi terhadap dukungan sosial dan gender. Jurnal Psikologi Undip 13(2): 102-106

Feldman H, Gautheir S, Hecker J. Efficacy of donepezil on maintenance of activities of daily living in patients with moderate to severe Alzhaeimer’s disease and the effect on caregiver burden. J Am Geriats Soc 51: 737-744

Ferdiaz NY. 2016. Interaksi sosial, strategi koping, dan kesejahteraan subjektif lansia di masa pensiun [skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor

Folstein M, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. 1975. “Mini Mental State” a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 12(3): 189-198

Hesti, Harris S, Mayza A, Prihartono J. 2008. Pengaruh gangguan kognitif terhadap gangguan keseimbangan pada lanjut usia. Artikel Penelitian Neurona 25(3): 26-31

[Kemenkes] Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.2013. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. Jakarta (ID): Kemenkes

Khairani. 2012. Konsep diri dan penerimaan proses penuaan pada wanita pre menopause di RSUDZA Banda Aceh. Idea Nursing Journal 3(2)

Kim C, Wu B, Tanaka E, Watanabe T, Watanabe K, Chen W, Ito S, Okumura R, Arai T, Anme T. 2016. Association between a change in social interaction among elderly people. International Journal of Gerontology 10: 76-80

Kusfitadewi RY. 2016. Konsep diri lanjut usia yang tinggal di Panti Werdha atas keputusan sendiri [skripsi]. Jember (ID): Universitas Jember

Nisak DK. 2013. Hubungan status konsep diri dengan kejadian depresi pada lansia di Balai Pelayanan Sosial Tresna Werdha Khusnul Khotimah Pekanbaru [skripsi]. Riau (ID): Universitas Riau

Oktaviani AE, Budiarti A. 2013. Perbedaan konsep diri antara remaja laki-laki dan perempuan pada masa pubertas [skripsi]. Pekalongan (ID): Stikes Muhammadiyah Pekalongan

Parwiti D. 2016.Hubungan antara konsep diri dnegan interaksi sosial pada lansia di Posyandu Lansia Desa Kemukus Kecamatan Gombong Kabupaten Kebumen [skripsi]. Gombong (ID): Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah

Petersen RC. 2011. Mild cognitive impairment. Journal of Medicine 364: 2227-2234

Pinquart M, Sorensen S. 2001. Gender differences in self-concept and psychological well-being in old age: a meta-analysis. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 56(4): 195-213

Rosita MD. 2012. Hubungan antara fungsi kognitif dengan kemampuan interaksi sosial pada lansia di Kelurahan Mandan wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sukoharjo [skripsi]. Surakarta (ID): Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Sampedro-Piquero P, Bartolo PD, Petrosini L. 2014. Astrocytic plasticity as a possible mediator of the cognitive improvements after environmental enrichment in aged rats. Neurobiol Learn Mem 114: 16-25

Sanjaya A, Rusdi I. 2012. Hubungan interaksi sosial dengan kesepian pada lansia [skripsi]. Medan (ID): Universitas Sumatera Utara

Sari RN. 2012. Hubungan bentuk interaksi sosial dengan kualitas hidup pada lansia [skripsi]. Ponorogo (ID): Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo

Setyowati S. 2013. Pengaruh konsep diri dan kemampuan sosialisasi terhadap kualitas hidup lansia. Jurnal Kebidanan dan Keperawatan 9(2): 93-101

Wijayanti R, Sahar J, Sutanto. 2007. Hubungan antara dukungan keluarga melalui interaksi sosial, upaya penyediaan transportasi, finansial, dan dukungan dalam menyiapkan makanan dalam respon kehilangan pada lansia di Desa Pekaja, Kalibagor, Kabupaten Banyumas. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman 2(1)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29244/jfs.2.2.1-10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Editorial Office

Journal of Family Sciences

Department of Family and Consumer Sciences Building Level 2, Bogor Agricultural University
Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Phone +62-251-8627432
e-mail: jfs@ipb.ac.id, jfs.ikkipb@gmail.com
http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jfs