KEADAAN MIKROBIOTA SALURAN CERNA PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR YANG MENGALAMI STUNTING DI LOMBOK BARAT

Siti Helmyati, Endri Yuliati, Setyo Utami Wisnusanti, Risnhukathulistiwi Maghribi, Mohammad Juffrie

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the population of gut microbiota between the normal height and stunted in primary school children in West Lombok. The study design was observational study with comparative design. The study involved 115 primary school students with age 9-12 years old by simple random sampling. The research data included the measurement of height for age and gut microbiota analysis of faecal samples. Based on the results of t-test, the number of bacteria Lactobacillus in stunting group (6.96±0.94 log CFU/g) were significantly (p <0.05) lower than normal group (7,38±0,98 log CFU/g). The population of Bifidobacteria, Enterobacter, and E. coli were not different between the two group. However the trend of Bifidobacteria count in stunting group (8.19±0.74 log CFU/g) was lower than normal group (8.22±0.79 log CFU/g) while the number of Enterobacter and E. coli in stunting group (7.82±0.68 and 7.03±0.97 log CFU/g) were higher than the normal group (7.71±0.81 and 6.96±1.22 log CFU/g).

Keywords: gut microbiota, school children, stunting


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan populasi mikrobiota saluran cerna antara kelompok anak yang memiliki tinggi badan normal dan anak pendek (stunting) di Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian observasional dengan desain comparative. Penelitian melibatkan 115 siswa sekolah dasar dengan usia 9-12 tahun yang dipilih secara simple random sampling. Data penelitian meliputi pengukuran tinggi badan menurut umur dan analisa mikrobiota usus dari contoh feses. Berdasarkan hasil uji t-test, jumlah bakteri Lactobacillus kelompok stunting lebih rendah (6,96±0,94 log CFU/g) secara signifikan (p<0,05) dibandingkan kelompok normal (7,38±0,98 log CFU/g). Jumlah bakteri Bifidobacteria, Enterobacter, dan E. coli tidak berbeda signifikan antara kedua kelompok. Namun kecenderungannya, Bifidobacteria kelompok stunting lebih rendah (8,19±0,74 log CFU/g) dibanding kelompok normal (8,22±0,79 log CFU/g) sedangkan jumlah bakteri Enterobacter dan E. coli pada kelompok stunting lebih tinggi (7,82±0,68 dan 7,03±0,97 log CFU/g) dibanding kelompok normal (7,71±0,81 dan 6,96±1,22 log CFU/g).

Kata kunci: anak sekolah dasar, mikrobiota saluran cerna, stunting


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.1.55-60

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