This study aimed to analyse the preference for sago products and nutritional intake of the community consuming sago in Kepulauan Meranti District, Riau Province. A cross-sectional study was conducted and 181 adults was purposively selected subjects in Tebing Tinggi Timur Sub-district, Kepulauan Meranti District, Riau Province. The data obtained were subject characteristics, anthropometry, preferences for sago products, and nutritional intake from semi-quatitative food frequency questionnaire and food recall. The most preferred sago products out of 10 types of processed sago products were sago noodles (89.9%), sago lempeng (86.9%), and lemak sago (85.4%). Sago consumption frequencies among the subjects were mostly ‘often’ (39.2%) and ‘quite often’ (30.6%). The average amount of sago consumption was 173.7±88.3 g/day. The subject's average daily energy intake was 1864±468 kcal and the average protein intake was 48.4±21.7 g. The energy adequacy levels of subjects who consumed sago <140 g/day and ≥140 g/day were categorized as ‘normal’ (25.9% and 34.0% respectively). Meanwhile, the average level of protein adequacy were categorized as deficit (38.3% and 43.0% respectively). The carbohydrate adequacy levels were categorized as ‘excessive’ (80.2% and 71.0% respectively). The fat adequacy levels were categorized as ‘excessive’ (90.1% and 92.0% respectively). Sago noodles and lemak sago are two potential sago products to be developed as alternative carbohydrate sources due to their high frequency and preferability.
Arif A, Budiyanto A. 2013. Glicemic Index of Foods and Its Affecting Factors. J Litbang Pert 32(2):91-99.
Bintoro HM. 2016. Sago for Indonesia's progress. Paper at Symposium and Workshop the Sago National. Bogor: November 9-10. Food Security Agency. 2018. Directory of development of food consumption. Jakarta: Food Security Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia.
Food Security Council. 2015. Strategic food and nutrition policies for 2015-2019. Jakarta: Food Security Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia. Forestry and PlantationAgency of Kepulauan
Meranti District. 2016. Total Wilayah Sagu di Kepulauan Meranti tahun 2015. Riau Province: Forestry and Plantation Agency of Kepulauan Meranti District.
Drewnowski A, Specter SE. 2004. Poverty and obesity: The role of energy density and energy costs. Am J Clin Nutr 79(1):6-16.
Syamsir E. 2013. Pati resisten sebagai sumber serat fungsional. Food Review Indonesia. January 1, 2013 edition.
Hariyanto B, Agus TP, Y Marsono, Sri Budi W, Agus W, Purwa TC. 2017. Penggunaan Beras Sagu untuk Penderita Pradiabetes. Jurnal Pangan 26(2):1-10.
AA, Pei-lang AT, Manan DMA, Zaidul ISM. 2008. Starch from the sago (Metroxylon sagu) palm tree-properties, prospects, and challenges as a new industrial source for food and other uses. Comprehensive Reviews In Food Science And Food Safety 7(3):215-228.
Kusnandar F, Hastuti PH, Samsir E. 2015. Sago resistant starch results from acid hydrolysis and autoclave-cooling. J Tech and Food Industry 26(1):52-62.
Kvamme JM, Olsen JA, Florholmen J, Jacobsen BK. 2011. Risk of malnutrition and health related quality of life in community-living elderly men and women: The Tromsø study. Qual Life Res 20(4):575-582.
Mahan LK, Raymond JL. 2017. Krause’s food and the nutrition care process (14th ed.). Missouri: Elsevier.
Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. 2013. Indonesia basic health research 2013. Jakarta: Health Research and Development Agency.
Muljaningsih S. 2011. Preferensi konsumen dan produsen produk organik di Indonesia. Wacana Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora 14(4):1-5.
Muslimatun S, Wiradnyani LAA. 2016. Dietary diversity, animal source food consumption and linear growth among children aged 1-5 years in Bandung, Indonesia: a longitudinal observational study. Br J Nutr 116(1):27-35.
Murakami K, Tracy A, McCaffrey, Livingstone MBE. 2013. Associations of dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load with food and nutrient intake and general and central obesity in British adults. Br J Nutr 110(11):2047-2057.
Nurohmi S, Amalia L. 2012. Pengetahuan gizi, aktivitas fisik, dan tingkat kecukupan gizi aktivis Badan Eksekutif Mahasiswa (BEM) IPB. J Gizi Pangan 7(3):151-156.
Patiware MA, Osozawa K, Hu B. 2016. An overview of the traditional use of sago for sago-based food industry in Indonesia. ICoA Conference Proceedings, 7-9 November 2015. 3(2016):119-124.
Purwani EY. 2014. Pati resistan serta perannya dalam penghambatan proliferasi dan induksi apoptosis sel kanker kolon. Indonesian Journal of Cancer 8(4):32-39.
Rizki DA, Munandar JM, Andrianto MS. 2013. Analisis persepsi konsumen dan strategi pemasaran beras analog. Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi (2):144-162.
RH, Darmadi D. 2012. Logistics regression analysis for factors that affect adolescent nutrition status. Andalas Medical Magazine 36(1):Januari-Juni 2012.
Shook RP, Hand GA, Drenowatz C, Hebert JR, Paluch AE, Blundell JE, Hill JO, Katzmarzyk PT, Church TS, Blair SN. 2015. Low levels of physical activity are associated with dysregulation of energy intake and fat mass gain over 1 year. Am JClin Nutr 102:1332-1338.
Sudikno S, Syarief H, Dwiriani CM, Riyadi H, Pradono J. 2018. Obesity risk factors among 25-65 years old adults in Bogor city, Indonesia: a prospective cohort study. J Gizi Pangan 13(2):55-62.
Syafani TS, Lestari DAH, Sayekti WD. 2015. Analisis preferensi, pola konsumsi, dan permintaan tiwul oleh konsumen rumah makan di provinsi Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Agribisnis 3(1):85-92.
Wahjuningsih SB, Marsono Y, Praseptiangga D, Haryanto B. 2016. Resistant starch content and glycaemic index of sago (Metroxylon spp) starch and red bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) based analogue rice. Pak J Nutr. 15(7):667-672.
Wahjuningsih SB, Haslina H, Marsono Y. 2018. Hypolipidaemic effects of high resistant starch sago and red bean flour- based analog rice on diabetic rats. Mater Sociomed 30(4):232-239.
Westerterp KR. 2010. Physical activity, food intake, and body weight regulation: Insights from doubly labeled water studies. Nutrition Reviews 68(3):148-154.
Weickert MO, Pfeiffer AFH. 2018. Impact of dietary fiber consumption on insulin resistance and the prevention of type 2 diabetes. J Nutr 148(1):7-12.
Yan Y, Drenowatz C, Hand GA, Shook RP, Hurley TG, Hebert JR, Blair SN. 2016. Is nutrient intake associated with physical activity levels in healthy young adults?. Pub Health Nutr 19(11):1983-1989.
Zahari MSM, Kamaruddin MSY, Kutut MZ. The Level of Alteration of Ethics Native Food: (A Case of Sarawak, Malaysia). Int J of Human Soc Scie Res 1(6):137-144.
Zainuddin MZ, Samdin S, Madjid R, Juharsah J. 2018. The role of product preferences in mediating the influence of product knowledge on customer decisions. iOSR Journal of Business and Management Science 20(8):84-92.
Zhou Z, Wang F, Ren X, Wang Y, Blanchard C. 2015. Resistant starch manipulated hyperglycemia/hyperlipidemia and related genes expression in diabetic rats. Int J Biol Macromol 75:316-321.
Zuhdy N, Ani LS, Utami NWA. 2015. Physical activity, diet and nutritional status of high school girls in North Denpasar. Public Health Archives and Preventive Medicine 3(1):96-103.