INVESTIGASI ONLINE RESILIENCE REMAJA: EKSPLANASI PERANAN KARAKTERISTIK REMAJA, KARAKTERISTIK KELUARGA, KELEKATAN REMAJA-ORANG TUA, REGULASI EMOSI, DAN HUBUNGAN PERSAHABATAN

  • Raihan 'Ainun Hasanah IPB University
  • Melly Latifah IPB University
Keywords: hubungan persahabatan, kelekatan remaja-orang tua, online resilience, regulasi emosi, remaja

Abstract

Penggunaan media sosial telah membawa sejumlah masalah bagi remaja seperti perundungan siber maupun pengalaman tidak nyaman lainnya sehingga remaja membutuhkan sebuah kemampuan untuk menghadapinya, yaitu online resilience. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik remaja, karakteristik keluarga, kelekatan remaja-orang tua, regulasi emosi, dan hubungan persahabatan terhadap online resilience pada remaja. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan desain eksplanatori dengan melibatkan 224 remaja pengguna media sosial usia 15–18 tahun yang tinggal bersama orang tua lengkap dan tinggal di Kota Bogor. Teknik penarikan contoh yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling. Data diperoleh dengan pelaporan diri melalui kuesioner daring dan dianalisis dengan uji regresi linear berganda. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari separuh remaja memiliki kelekatan dengan ayah kategori rendah (53,1%) dan kelekatan dengan ibu kategori sedang (51,3%). Sementara itu, lebih dari separuh remaja (61,2%) memiliki regulasi emosi penilaian ulang kategori sedang dan lebih dari sepertiga remaja (38,8%) memiliki regulasi emosi penekanan emosi kategori rendah. Selanjutnya, lebih dari separuh remaja memiliki hubungan teman sebaya kategori tinggi (68,3%) dan online resilience kategori sedang (57,1%). Hasil uji regresi (R2=0,394) menunjukkan bahwa jenis kelamin remaja, pendapatan per kapita, regulasi emosi penilaian ulang, dan hubungan persahabatan berpengaruh terhadap online resilience remaja. Implikasi hasil penelitian terhadap cara peningkatan online resilience dibahas lebih lanjut dalam artikel ini.

Author Biographies

Raihan 'Ainun Hasanah, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Terakreditasi A

Melly Latifah, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Terakreditasi A

References

[APJII] Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. (2018). Penetrasi dan Profil Perilaku Pengguna Internet Indonesia 2018. Jakarta, ID: Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. Retrieved from https://apjii.or.id/content/read/39/410/Hasil-Survei-Penetrasi-dan-Perilaku-Pengguna-Internet-Indonesia-2018

[APJII] Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. (2020). Laporan Survei Internet APJII 2019-2020 (Q2). Jakarta, ID: Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia. Retrieved from https://apjii.or.id/survei

Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16(5), 427–453. doi: 10.1007/BF02202939

Australian Institute of Family Studies. (2019). Adolescents’ resilience. Retrieved from https://aifs.gov.au/publications/adolescents-resilience

Bender, A., & Ingram, R. (2018). Connecting attachment style to resilience: Contributions of self-care and self-efficacy. Personality and Individual Differences, 130, 18-20. doi: 10.1016/J.PAID.2018.03.038

Bradbury, S. L., Dubow, E. F., & Domoff, S. E. (2018). How do adolescents learn cyber-victimization coping skills? An examination of parent and peer coping socialization. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(9), 1866-1879. doi: 10.1007/s10964-018-0812-y

Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson Resilience Scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and Anxiety, 18(2), 76–82. doi: 10.1002/da.10113

D'Haenens, L., vandoninck, S., & Donoso, V. (2013). How to cope and build online resilience?. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/48115/1/How%20to%20cope%20and%20build%20online%20resilience%20(lsero).pdf

Erdem, Ş. (2017). Attachment to parents and resilience among high school students. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 1(1), 22–33. Retrieved from http://www.journalppw.com/index.php/JPPW/article/view/3

Firdaus, I. K., & Kelly, E. K. (2019). Pengaruh pola asuh terhadap online resilience. Jurnal Psikologi: Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan, 6(1), 20–38. Retrieved from https://jurnal.yudharta.ac.id/v2/index.php/ILMU-PSIKOLOGI/article/view/1696

Gayatri, G., Rusadi, U., Meiningsih, S. Mahmudah, D., Sari, D., Kautsarina, Karman, & Nugroho, A.C. (2015). Digital citizenship safety among children and adolescents in Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Komunikasi dan Informatika, 6(1), 1–16. Retrieved from https://jurnal.kominfo.go.id/index.php/jppki/article/view/579

Goleman, D. (2018). Kecerdasan Emosional. (T. Hermaya, Trans.). Jakarta, ID: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. (Original work published 1995)

Graber, R., Turner, R., & Madill, A. (2016). Best friends and better coping: Facilitating psychological resilience through boys’ and girls’ closest friendships. British Journal of Psychology, 107(2), 338–358. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12135

Gross, J. J. (1999). Emotion regulation: Past, present, future. Cognition and Emotion, 13(5), 551–573. doi: 10.1080/026999399379186

Gross, J. J. (2001). Emotion regulation in adulthood: Timing is everything. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10(6), 214–219. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.00152

Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348–362. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348

Hall, J. A. (2019). How many hours does it take to make a friend?. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(4), 1278-1296. doi: 10.1177/0265407518761225

He, J., Chen, X., Fan, X., Cai, Z., & Hao, S. (2018). Profiles of parent and peer attachments of adolescents and associations with psychological outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 94, 163-172. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.10.001

Hendriani, W. (2017). Menumbuhkan online resilience pada anak di era teknologi digital. In Prosiding Temu Ilmiah Nasional X Ikatan Psikologi Perkembangan Indonesia, 1. Retrieved from http://jurnal.unissula.ac.id/index.php/ippi/article/download/2173/1636

Hendriani, W. (2018). Resiliensi psikologis: Sebuah pengantar. Jakarta, ID: Prenadamedia Group.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2017). Cultivating youth resilience to prevent bullying and cyberbullying victimization. Child Abuse & Neglect, 73, 51–62. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.09.010

Hou, X. L., Wang, H. Z., Guo, C., Gaskin, J., Rost, D. H., & Wang, J. L. (2017). Psychological resilience can help combat the effect of stress on problematic social networking site usage. Personality and Individual Differences, 109, 61–66. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.048

Karreman, A., & Vingerhoets, A. J. (2012). Attachment and well-being: The mediating role of emotion regulation and resilience. Personality and Individual differences, 53(7), 821–826. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.06.014

Maesaroh, S., Sunarti, E., & Muflikhati, I. (2019). Ancaman, faktor protektif, dan resiliensi remaja di Kota Bogor. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 12(1), 63–74. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2019.12.1.63

Megawangi, R. (2015). Kelekatan Ibu-Anak: Kunci Membangun Bangsa. Depok, ID: Indonesia Heritage Foundation.

Mendelson, M. J., & Aboud, F. E. (1999). Measuring friendship quality in late adolescents and young adults: McGill Friendship Questionnaires. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, 31(2), 130–132. doi:10.1037/h0087080

Mestre, J. M., Núñez-Lozano, J. M., Gómez-Molinero, R., Zayas, A., & Guil, R. (2017). Emotion regulation ability and resilience in a sample of adolescents from a suburban area. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1980. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01980

Musetti, A., Corsano, P., Boursier, V., & Schimmenti, A. (2020). Problematic internet use in lonely adolescents: The mediating role of detachment from parents. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 17(1), 3–10. doi: 10.36131/clinicalnpsych20200101

Nesi, J., & Prinstein, M. J. (2015). Using social media for social comparison and feedback-seeking: Gender and popularity moderate associations with depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43(8), 1427–1438. doi: 10.1007/s10802-015-0020-0

Parno. (2019). 16,4 juta pengguna medsos asal Jawa Barat. Website Resmi Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Retrieved from https://jabarprov.go.id/index.php/news/32777/2019/04/24/164-juta-Pengguna-Medsos-Asal-Jawa-Barat

Perchtold, C. M., Papousek, I., Fink, A., Weber, H., Rominger, C., & Weiss, E. M. (2019). Gender differences in generating cognitive reappraisals for threatening situations: Reappraisal capacity shields against depressive symptoms in men, but not women. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 553. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00553

Schwarz, B., Stutz, M., & Ledermann, T. (2012). Perceived interparental conflict and early adolescents’ friendships: The role of attachment security and emotion regulation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41(9), 1240–1252. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9769-4

Sukmaningpraja, A., & Santhoso, F. H. (2017). Peran regulasi emosi terhadap resiliensi pada siswa sekolah berasrama berbasis semi militer. Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP), 2(3), 184-191. doi: 10.22146/gamajop.36944

Susilo, B. (2018). Pemasaran Digital: Segmentasi Demografi Pengguna Media Sosial di Kota Pontianak. Jurnal Eksplora Informatika, 8(1), 69-79. doi: 10.30864/eksplora.v8i1.163

Triastuti, E., Prabowo, D. A. I., & Nurul, A. (2017). Kajian Dampak Penggunaan Media Sosial Bagi Anak dan Remaja. Depok, ID: Pusat Kajian Komunikasi FISIP UI. Retrieved from http://repository.unugha.ac.id/16/1/seribukuliterasidigital-kajiandampakmediasosialbagianakdanremaja-puskakomui-180201035158.pdf

van Harmelen, A.-L. V., Kievit, R. A., Ioannidis, K., Neufeld, S., Jones, P. B., Bullmore, E., … Goodyer, I. (2017). Adolescent friendships predict later resilient functioning across psychosocial domains in a healthy community cohort. Psychological Medicine, 47(13), 2312–2322. doi: 10.1017/s0033291717000836

van Ryzin, M. J., & Roseth, C. J. (2018). Cooperative learning in middle school: A means to improve peer relations and reduce victimization, bullying, and related outcomes. Journal of Educational Psychology, 110(8), 1192. doi: 10.1037/edu0000265

Vissenberg, J., & d’Haenens, L. (2020). Online Risks, Harm, and Resilience: Flemish Findings from the 2020 EU Kids Online Survey. Leuven, BE: EU Kids Online. Retrieved from https://lirias.kuleuven.be/retrieve/566856

Widuri, E. L. (2012). Regulasi emosi dan resiliensi pada mahasiswa tahun pertama. Humanitas: Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 9(2), 147–156. doi: 10.26555/humanitas.v9i2.341

Wisniewski, P., Jia, H., Wang, N., Zheng, S., Xu, H., Rosson, M. B., & Carroll, J. M. (2015, April). Resilience mitigates the negative effects of adolescent internet addiction and online risk exposure. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 4029–4038). ACM. doi: 10.1145/2702123.2702240

Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
HasanahR. ’., & LatifahM. (2021). INVESTIGASI ONLINE RESILIENCE REMAJA: EKSPLANASI PERANAN KARAKTERISTIK REMAJA, KARAKTERISTIK KELUARGA, KELEKATAN REMAJA-ORANG TUA, REGULASI EMOSI, DAN HUBUNGAN PERSAHABATAN . Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 14(3), 270-281. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2021.14.3.270