THE ROLE OF TRUST AND FORGIVENESS IN MARITAL INTIMACY ON HUSBANDS OR WIVES OF DUAL-EARNER COUPLES IN SURABAYA

  • Fibia Tista Avanti Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
  • Jenny Lukito Setiawan Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
Keywords: couple, dual-earner, forgiveness, marital intimacy, trust

Abstract

Intimacy is very important in determining the longevity of a marriage. In East Java, Surabaya is the fourth city with the highest number of divorces, with 4938 couples deciding to divorce in 2016 (JPNN, 2017). This study aimed to analyze the role of trust and forgiveness towards marital intimacy in dual-earner husbands or wives in Surabaya. This study used a quantitative research design. Populations in this study were working individuals with a working spouse (including part-time and freelance), living in Surabaya, and still engaged in marital relationships. The study sample consisted of 107 subjects selected using the convenience sampling technique. Data collection was obtained through an online questionnaire on Google Forms. Data analysis was carried out using multiple linear regression tests on the JASP (Jeffreys’s Amazing Statistics Program) program. The results showed that trust and forgiveness played a significant role in marital intimacy in dual-earner husbands or wives (F(2,104) = 48,46; p<0,001). Only trust had a significant effect on marital intimacy (t = 7,375; p<0,001) whereas forgiveness had no significant effect on marital intimacy (t = 1,394; p > 0,05).

Author Biographies

Fibia Tista Avanti, Universitas Ciputra Surabaya

School of Psychology, Terakreditasi B

Jenny Lukito Setiawan, Universitas Ciputra Surabaya

School of Psychology, Terakreditasi B

References

Aiyuda, N. (2017). Kepercayaan sebagai mediator hubungan keintiman dan komitmen terhadap pemaafan. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 15(2), 136-145. doi: 10.7454/jps.2017.12.

Alvaro, J. A. (2001). An interpersonal forgiveness and reconciliation intervention: The effect on marital intimacy. New Orleans, LA: New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.

Asif, A., & Saim, S. (2018). Trust and marital satisfaction among single and dual career couples. United Arab Emirates, UAE: MedCrave Group LLC.

BLS Report. (2021, April). Women in the labor force: A databook. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/womens-databook/2020/home.htm.

BPS. (2021). Persentase tenaga kerja formal menurut jenis kelamin (persen), 2015-2020. Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/6/1170/2/persentase-tenaga-kerja-formal-menurut-jenis-kelamin.html.

Chung, M. S. (2014). Pathways between attachment and marital satisfaction: The mediating roles of rumination, empathy, and forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 70, 246-251. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.032.

Cordova, J. V. (2009). The marriage checkups: A scientific program for sustaining and strengthening marital health. Lanham, USA: Jason Aronson.

Edelweis, A., & Hermaleni, T. (2019). Perbedaan post-divorce adjustment ditinjau dari strategi coping pada wanita bercerai. Jurnal Riset Psikologi, 3(1), 1-11. doi: 10.24036/jrp.v2019i3.6863.

Ermawati, S. (2016). Peran ganda wanita karier. Jurnal Bojonegoro, ID: IKIP Bojonegoro.

Fatima, M., & Ajmal, M. A. (2012). Happy marriage: A qualitative study. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 10(1), 37-42. Retrieved from https://www.gcu.edu.pk/pjscp.php?pg=previous-issues

Fincham, F. D. (2015). Forgiveness, family relationships and health. In L. Toussaint, E. Worthington, D. R. Williams (Eds.), Forgiveness and health: Scientific evidence and theories relating forgiveness for better health (pp. 255-270). doi:1 0.1007/978-94-017-9993-5.

Fincham, F. D., & Beach, S. R. (2002). Forgiveness in marriage: Implications for psychological aggression and constructive communication. Personal Relationships, 9, 239-251. doi: 10.1111/1475-6811.00016.

Fincham, F. D., Paleari, F. G., & Regalia, C. (2009). Measuring offence-specific forgiveness in marriage: The marital offence-specific forgiveness scale (MOFS). Psychological Assessment, 21(2), 194-209. doi: 10.1037/a0016068.

Herawati, T., Kumalasari, B., Musthofa, & Tyas, F.P.S. (2018). Dukungan sosial, interaksi keluarga, dan kualitas perkawinan pada keluarga suami istri bekerja. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 11(1), 1-12. doi: 10.24156/jikk.2018.11.1.1.

Holland, K. J., Lee, J. W., Marshak, H. H., & Martin, L. R. (2016). Spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, and physical/psychological well-being: Spiritual meaning as a mediator. Psycholog Relig Spiritual, 8(3), 218-227. doi:1 0.1037/rel0000062.

Howry, J. M. (2018). The power of forgiveness to heal relationships. Journal of Metaphysical Thought, 1(1), 16-23. Retrieved from https://philarchive.org/archive/HOWTPO-38.

Idntimes. (2019, December 4). Faktor yang membuat istri mencari nafkah. Retrieved from https://www.idntimes.com/life/women/isroima/faktor-yangmembuat-istri-mencari-nafkah-c1c2/full.

Jatim BPS. (2017). Profil Angkatan Kerja Perempuan Provinsi Jawa Timur 2017. Jawa Timur: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur.

JPNN. (2017, August 1). 4.938 kasus perceraian, perempuan karier paling sering gugat. Retrieved from https://m.jpnn.com/news/4938-kasus-perceraian-perempuan-karier-paling-sering-gugat.

Kaleta, K., & Mróz, J. (2018). Forgiveness and life satisfaction across different age group in adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 17-23. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.08.008.

Kardan-Souraki, M., Hamzehgardeshi, Z., Asadpour, I., Mohammadpour, R. A., & Khani, S. (2016). A review of marital intimacy-enhancing interventions among married individuals. Global Journal of Health Science, 8(8), 74-93. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n8p74.

Keenanthy. (2019, March 14). 5 masalah cinta yang sering menerpa pasangan sibuk bekerja. IDN Times. Retrieved from https://www.idntimes.com/life/relationship/keenanthy/masalah-pasangan-yang-sibuk-kerja-c1c2-1/5.

Laborde, N. D., Dommelen-Gonzales, E. V., & Minnis, A. M. (2014). Trust – that’s a big one: Intimate partnership values among urban Latino youth. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 16(9), 1009-1022. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2014.921837.

Larzelere, R. E., & Huston, T. L. (1980). The dyadic trust scale: Toward understanding interpersonal trust in close relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 42(3), 595-604. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.95.

Rahman, S. F. (2019, December 27). Pasangan kurang intim picu rumah tangga terakhir. Liputan6. Retrieved from https://www.liputan6.com/health/read/4143018/pasangan-kurang-intim-picu-rumah-tangga-berakhir.

Matias, M., & Fontaine, A. M. (2015). Coping with work and family: How do dual-earners interact?. Scandivanian Journal of Psychology, 56(2), 212-222. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12195.

Mayangsari, M. D., & Amalia, D. (2018). Keseimbangan kerja-kehidupan pada wanita karir. Jurnal Ecopsy, 5(1), 43-50. doi: 10.20527/ecopsy.v5i1.4884.

Medved, C. E. (2015). Dual-earner marriage. The International Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication, 1-6. doi: 10.1002/9781118540190.wbetc0135.

Mirzadeh, M., & Fallahchai, R. (2012). The relationship between forgiveness and marital satisfaction. Journal of Life Science and Biomedicine, 2(6), 278-282. Retrieved from https://jlsb.science-line.com/vol-2-no-6-nov-2012.html.

Oishi, A. S. (2019). Why did Japanese dual-earner couples increase since the late 1980s?. Japan Labor Issues, 3(13), 15-29. Retrieved from https://www.jil.go.jp/english/jli/backnumber/2019.html#no13.

Paramita, N. K. P., & Suarya, L. M. K. S. (2018). Peran komunikasi interpersonal dan ekspresi emosi terhadap kepuasan perkawinan pada perempuan di usia dewasa madya. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 5(2), 241-253. Retrieved from https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/psikologi/article/view/40396

Pasha, H., Basirat, Z., Esmailzadeh, S., Faramarzi, M., & Adibrad, H. (2017). Marital intimacy and predictive factors among infertile women in northern Iran. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 11(5), 13-17. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/24972.9935.

Pencawan, Y. (2018, May 12). Pasangan berselingkuh, solusinya? Maafkanlah, jangan cerai. Lifestyle. Retrieved from https://lifestyle.bisnis.com/read/20180512/236/794304/pasanganberselingkuh-solusinya-maafkanlah-jangan-cerai.

Rempel, J. K., Holmes, J. G., & Zanna, M. P. (1985). Trust in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(1), 95-112. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.95.

Renanita, T., & Setiawan, J. L. (2018). Marital satisfaction in terms of communication, conflict resolution, sexual intimacy, and financial relations among working and non-working wives. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 22(1), 12-21. doi: 10.7454/hubs.asia.1190318

Riek, B. M., & Mania, E. W. (2012). The antecedents and consequences of interpersonal forgiveness: A meta-analytic review. Personal Relationship, 19(2), 304-325. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2011.01363.x.

Ruppel, E. K. (2014). Use of communication technologies in romantic relationships: Self-disclosure and the role of relationship development. Journal of Social and Personal Relationship, 32(5), 667-686. doi: 10.1177/0265407514541075.

Sandlilya, G., & Shahnawaz, G. (2014). Willingness to forgive the spouse: A qualitative study. Psychol Stud, 59(4), 413-418. doi: 10.1007/s12646-014-0277-3.

Schaefer, M. T., & Olson, D. H. (1981). Assessing intimacy: The pair inventory. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 7(1), 47-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.1981.tb01351.x.

Schnettler, B., Miranda-Zapata, E., Grunert, K. G., Lobos, G., Lapo, M., & Hueche, C. (2020). Testing the spillover-crossover model between work-life balance and satisfaction in different domains of life in dual-earner households. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 16, 1475-1501. doi: 10.1007/s11482-020-09828-z.

Simantov International. (2020). Trust in relationships requires emotional intimacy. Retrieved from https://simantov-international.com/trust-in-relationships-requires-emotional-intimacy/.

Smith, K. (2015, Summer). Women as economic providers: Dual-earner families thrive as woman earnings rise (Issue Brief No. 84). Durham: Carsey School of Public Policy. Retrieved from https://carsey.unh.edu/publication/women-economic-providers

Sudirman, S. A. (2017). Stres kerja dengan keharmonisan keluarga pada karyawan. Al Qalb: Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 10(1), 79-85.

Surabaya BPS. (2019). Keadaan ketenagakerjaan Kota Surabaya, Agustus 2019. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Surabaya, 14, 1-12. Retrieved from https://surabayakota.bps.go.id/pressrelease/2019/12/26/133/keadaan-ketenagakerjaan--kota-surabaya--agustus-2019-.html.

Syaefullah. (2017). Tidak ada keharmonisan sebagai penyebab perkara cerai gugat wanita karir di Kota Kediri. Mahakim,1(1), 39-50. doi: 10.30762/mh.v1i1.1011.

Taddei, S., & Contena, B. (2013). Privacy, trust and control: Which relationships with online self-disclosure?. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 821-826. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.022.

van den Broucke, S., Vandereycken, W., & Vertommen, H. (1995). Marital intimacy: Conceptualization and assessment. Clinical Psychology Review, 15(3), 217-233. doi: 10.1016/0272-7358(95)00007-C.

Wongpy, N., & Setiawan, J. L. (2019). Konflik pekerjaan dan keluarga pada pasangan dengan peran ganda. Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan, 10(1), 31-45. doi: 10.26740/jptt.v10n1.p31-45

Worthington, E. L., Brown, E. M., & McConnell, J. M. (2019). Forgiveness in committed couples: Its synergy with humility, justice, and reconciliation. Religions, 10(13), 1-18. doi: 10.3390/rel10010013.

Published
2022-07-01
How to Cite
AvantiF. T., & SetiawanJ. L. (2022). THE ROLE OF TRUST AND FORGIVENESS IN MARITAL INTIMACY ON HUSBANDS OR WIVES OF DUAL-EARNER COUPLES IN SURABAYA. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 15(2), 117-126. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2022.15.2.117