THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF ONLINE TAXI DRIVER FAMILIES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN JAKARTA GREATER AREA

  • Renny Nurhasana Universitas Indonesia
  • Mihoko Matsuyuki Yokohama National University
  • Chotib Hasan Universitas Indonesia
  • Ni Made Shellasih Universitas Indonesia
  • Fadhilah Rizky Ningtyas Universitas Indonesia
  • Irene Fitrinitia Yokohama National University
  • Toshiki Negama Yokohama National University
  • Shoya Kuwayama Yokohama National University
Keywords: Covid-19, Jakarta greater area, LSSR, online taxi, socio-economic impact

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic affects almost all aspects of human life, from the education, transportation, political and economic sectors. Online taxi drivers are the informal sector that has been economically impacted by a decline in income. This study aims to determine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the socio-economic aspects of the resilience of online taxi drivers since the implementation of Large-Scale Social Restrictions (LSSR) as regulated in Governor Special Capital Region Regulation of Jakarta No. 33/2020. The regulation made them experience a decrease in the number of passengers, thus affecting their income. This study uses a qualitative model with a case study design. Data collection was carried out by focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with a total of 4 informants obtained from purposive sampling, then analyzed using content analysis. They experienced a significant decrease in income of up to 60-70 percent per day, compared to before the pandemic. The decline in income and recommendations for social distancing affect the socio-economic aspects of family resilience from online taxi drivers as informal sectors. Therefore, they must look for other income alternatives. Therefore, they need various alternative jobs and assistance.

Author Biographies

Renny Nurhasana, Universitas Indonesia

Urban Studies Program, School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Accreditation A

Mihoko Matsuyuki, Yokohama National University

Institute of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University

Chotib Hasan, Universitas Indonesia

Urban Studies Program, School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Accreditation A

Ni Made Shellasih, Universitas Indonesia

Center for Social Security Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Accreditation A

Fadhilah Rizky Ningtyas, Universitas Indonesia

Center for Social Security Studies, Universitas Indonesia

Irene Fitrinitia, Yokohama National University

Graduate School of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Accreditation A

Toshiki Negama, Yokohama National University

Graduate School of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Accreditation A

Shoya Kuwayama, Yokohama National University

Graduate School of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Accreditation A

References

[BPS & Kemen PPPA] Badan Pusat Statistik & Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak. (2016). Building family resilience. Jakarta, ID: Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection

[BPS Provinsi Jakarta] Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta. (2020). Total population of DKI Jakarta Province aged over 15 years by type of activity during the past week and gender 2018-2020. Jakarta, ID: Central Statistics Agency DKI Jakarta Province

Budastra, I. K. (2020). Dampak sosial ekonomi Covid-19 dan program potensial untuk penanganannya: Studi kasus di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Jurnal Agrimansion, 20(1), 48–57. doi: 10.29303/agrimansion.v21i1.321

Dewi, M. M., Magdalena, F., Ariska, N. P. D., Setiyawati, N., & Rumboirusi, W. C. B. (2020). Dampak pandemi covid-19 terhadap tenaga kerja formal di Indonesia. Populasi, 28(2), 32–53. doi: 10.22146/jp.63345

Eddy, & Harahap, U. N. (2020). Pemberlakuan work from home (WFH) dan dampak ekonominya bagi pengemudi ojek online. Jurnal Simetri Rekayasa, 2(1), 65–71. Retrieved from https://jurnal.harapan.ac.id/index.php/JSR/article/view/156/82

Erlingsson, C., & Brysiewicz, P. (2017). A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7(3), 93-99.

Fahlefi, R., Ahmad, S., & Rizal. (2020). Dampak pandemi Covid-19 terhadap perekonomian masyarakat di sektor informal. Jurnal Imara, 4(2), 158–167. doi: 10.31958/imara.v4i2.2379

Fakhriyah, P. (2020). Pengaruh layanan transportasi online (Gojek) terhadap perluasan lapangan kerja bagi masyarakat di Kota Cimahi. Comm-Edu (Community Education Journal), 3(1), 34. doi: 10.22460/comm-edu.v3i1.3719

Farida, I., Tarmizi, A., & November, Y. (2016). Analisis pengaruh bauran pemasaran 7P terhadap kepuasan pelanggan pengguna Gojek online. Jurnal Riset Manajemen dan Bisnis (JRMB) Fakultas Ekonomi UNIAT, 1(1), 31–40. doi: 10.36226/jrmb.v1i1.8

Governor of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Province. (2020). Regulation of the Governor of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Number 33 of 2020 concerning implementing large-scale social restrictions in handling Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) in the Province of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta. DKI Jakarta, Indonesia: Governor of the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Province

Hadiwardoyo, W. (2020). Kerugian ekonomi nasional akibat pandemi covid-19. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (BASKARA) Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta, 2(2), 83–92. doi: 10.24853/baskara.2.2.83-92

Hartanto & Tajsgoani, N. (2020). Dualisme pengaturan ojek online angkut penumpang dalam Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB) di Jakarta. IAIN Kendari, 13(2), 253–267

Hasmira, M. H., Media, Y., & Andrefson, E. (2018). Survey Ketahanan Keluarga di Provinsi Sumatera Barat. West Sumatra, Indonesia: Research and Development Agency of West Sumatra Province

Iswari, I., Saragi, R. A., Sirait, R. R., & Putra, W. (2020). Analisis perbedaan pendapatan driver Go-jek sebelum dan saat terjadi pandemi covid-19 di Kota Medan. Al -Sharf Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, 1(1), 94-102. doi: 10.30596/al-sharf.v1i1.42

[Kemendikbud] Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2020, September 25). Kemendikbud resmikan kebijakan bantuan kuota data internet 2020. Retrieved from https://www.kemdikbud.go.id/main/blog/2020/09/kemendikbud-resmikan-kebijakan-bantuan-kuota-data-internet-2020

Ministry of Health. (2020). Covid-19 dalam angka. Retrieved from https://www.kemkes.go.id/

Nugraha, A. R. (2020, April 9). Online taxi driver organization: There is 4 million online taxi driver in Indonesia. Kumparan. Retrieved from https://kumparan.com/kumparantech /organisasi-ojol-ada-4-juta-driver-ojol-di-indonesia-1tBrZLEXOEI/full

Kasdi, A., & Saifudin, S. (2020). Resilience of muslim families in the pandemic era: Indonesian millennial muslim community's response against Covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian, 81-94.

Kurniasih, E. P. (2020). Dampak pandemi covid 19 terhadap penurunan kesejahteraan masyarakat Kota Pontianak. In Prosiding Seminar Akademik Tahunan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan (SATIESP) 2020, 277–289. Retrieved from https://feb.untan.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Erni-1.pdf

Natadjaja, L., & Setyawan, P. B. (2016). Creating community through design: The Case of Gojek online. IJCCI - International Journal of Cultural and Creative Industries, 4(1), 18–27. Retrieved from http://repository.petra.ac.id/17475/

Ngadi, N., Meliana, R., & Purba, Y. A. (2020). Dampak pandemi covid-19 terhadap PHK dan pendapatan pekerja di Indonesia. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 43–48. doi: 10.14203/jki.v0i0.576

Pratiwi, A. N. (2016). Faktor yang mempengaruhi keteraturan membayar iuran pada peserta jaminan kesehatan nasional (JKN) kategori peserta mandiri (Studi kasus pasien rawat inap Rumah Sakit dr. Soebandi Kabupaten Jember) (Undergraduate Thesis, Universitas Jember, Indonesia). Retrieved from https://repository.unej.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/73503/112110101084--Arfiliyah%20Nur%20Pratiwi-1-80.pdf?sequence=1

Purbohastuti, A. W. (2018). Faktor penyebab beralihnya konsumen ojek pangkalan menjadi ojek online. Tirtayasa Ekonomika, 13(2), 238–251. doi: 10.35448/jte.v13i2.4306

Buana, A. R. (2020). Problematika regulasi ojek online dalam masa pembatasan sosial berskala besar covid-19. Adalah Buletin Hukum & Keadilan, 4(1), 137–144. doi: 10.15408/adalah.v4i1.15574

Rahmadana, M. F., & Sagala, G. H. (2020). Economic resilience dataset in facing physical distancing during Covid-19 global pandemic. Data in brief, 32, 106069.

Rosmanely, S. (2018). Studi ketidakpatuhan membayar iuran BPJS Kesehatan peserta non PBI bukan penerima upah di Kelurahan Parang Tambung Kec. Tamalate (Thesis, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia). Retrieved from http://digilib.unhas.ac.id/uploaded_files/temporary/DigitalCollection/MGNjYTEyN2ZiYjI4YzljNWE2ZGM0ODZkMTdhNjNlNDM4YjQ3MDg4ZA==.pdf

Sina, P. G. (2020). Ekonomi rumah tangga di era pandemi covid-19. Journal of Management: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), 12(2), 239–254. doi: 10.35508/jom.v12i2.2697

Sonhaji. (2018). Aspek hukum layanan ojek online perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan. Administrative Law & Governance Journal, 1(4), 371–385. doi: 10.14710/alj.v1i4.371-385

Sukmawati, I & Puspitawati. (2021). Pengaruh tekanan ekonomi dan peran gender terhadap ketahanan keluarga selama masa pandemi Covid-19. (Skripsi). IPB University. https://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/107791

Suprayogaswara, D. (2017). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi produktivitas tenaga kerja gojek di Kota Malang. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FEB Universitas Brawijaya, 6(1), 1–12. Retrieved from https://jimfeb.ub.ac.id/index.php/jimfeb/article/view/4400

Taufik, & Ayuningtyas, E. A. (2020). Dampak pandemi Covid 19 terhadap bisnis dan eksistensi platform online. Jurnal Pengembangan Wiraswasta, 22(01), 21–32. doi: 10.33370/jpw.v22i1389

Tuti, R. W. (2020). Analisis implementasi kebijakan work from home pada kesejahteraan pengemudi transportasi online di Indonesia. Transparansi: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi, 3(1), 73–85. doi: 10.31334/transparansi.v3i1.890

Walandouw, P., Primaldhi, A., Wisana, I. D. G. K., & Nugroho, A. H. (2018). Dampak GOJEK terhadap Perekonomian Yogyakarta pada Tahun 2018. Lembaga Demografi FEB UI. Retrieved from https://ldfebui.org/wp-content/uploads/ 2019/03/LDUI-Dampak-GOJEK-pada-Perekonomian-Yogyakarta-2018.pdf

Walandouw, P., Wisana, I. D. G. K., & Primaldhi, A. (2020). Laporan Penelitian Survey pengalaman mitra driver Gojek selama pandemi covid-19. Lembaga Demografi FEB UI. Retrieved from https://ldfebui.org/wp-content/uploads/ 2020/06/Laporan-Penelitian-Survei-Pengalaman-Mitra-Driver-Gojek-Selama-Pandemi-Covid19.pdf

Published
2021-10-22
How to Cite
NurhasanaR., MatsuyukiM., HasanC., ShellasihN. M., NingtyasF. R., FitrinitiaI., NegamaT., & KuwayamaS. (2021). THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF ONLINE TAXI DRIVER FAMILIES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN JAKARTA GREATER AREA. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 14(3), 216-226. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2021.14.3.216