PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN ILES-ILES TUMPANGSARI UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN PETANI DAN KEMANDIRIAN INDUSTRI PANGAN NASIONAL
AbstractIles-iles Amorphophallus muelleri Blume sinonim Amorphophallus oncophyllus merupakan tanaman underutilized yang merupakan sumber glukomanan. Glukomanan adalah karbohidrat low digestible yang banyak digunakan dalam industri obat, makanan dan minuman, kosmetika dan sebagainya. Pada saat ini, IPB telah menyusun SOP budidaya percepatan panen, pembibitan, pemupukan, pemeliharaan, dan cara panen mampu meningkatkan produksi lebih tinggi. Pasar iles-iles di Indonesia cukup besar, saat ini mampu menyerap sekitar 50 ribu ton umbi sgar, sehingga masih diperlukan luas penanaman tambahan 12.000 ha dengan asumsi produktivitas 4 ton/ha. Keberhasilan perluasan areal ditentukan oleh empat faktor yaitu penyedia benih, lahan, modal, dan pemasaran.
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