KEBIJAKAN PEMANFAATAN LAHAN MELALUI SKEMA PHBM DI DESA TUGU UTARA, KECAMATAN CISARUA, KABUPATEN BOGOR, JAWA BARAT
AbstractUntuk mengetahui hasil pelaksanaan kebijakan pemanfaatan lahan melalui skema PHBM (Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat) di Desa Tugu Utara dilakukan suatu proses analisis kebijakan yang bertujuan untuk mengkaji implementasi kebijakan pemanfaatan lahan, hambatan-hambatan pelaksanaan kebijakan, dan rekomendasi kebijakan yang dapat diberikan. Metode yang digunakan dalam menganalisis kebijakan tersebut adalah metode analisis kebijakan ex-post. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan pemanfaatan lahan melalui skema PHBM di Desa Tugu Utara dilaksanakan dalam tiga bentuk pemanfaatan lahan dan pola tanam yang berbeda yakni pemanfaatan lahan di bawah tegakan pinus dan damar adapun pola tanam adalah agroforestry yakni dengan menanam kopi, pemanfaatan lahan-lahan kosong dengan penanaman rumput gajah yang ditanam pada lahan-lahan kosong yan terletak pada bagian terluar dari areal yang dimanfaatkan, dan pemanfaatan lahan sebagai obyek wisata. Hambatan-hambatan yang ditemui selama proses pelaksanaan kebijakan tersebut diantaranya adalah kondisi kelembagaan dan sumber daya manusia yang masih belum mapan, rendahnya nilai jual kopi di Desa Tugu Utara, dan masih minimnya upaya dari Perum Perhutani untuk menunjang terwujudnya peningkatkan kualitas dan nilai jual produk kopi di Desa Tugu Utara.
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