PENGUATAN KELEMBAGAAN TPI DALAM MEWUJUDKAN PERIKANAN BERKELANJUTAN DAN BERKEADILAN
AbstractPelabuhan perikanan berperan penting dalam pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan, kegiatan praproduksi, produksi, pengolahan, pemasaran ikan dan pengawasan sumberdaya ikan. Namun demikian, keberadaan sistem pelelangan di pelabuhan perikanan tersebut dihadapkan pada kompleksitas permasalahan yang tidak hanya menghambat perekonomian daerah, akan tetapi juga mengganggu keberlanjutan perikanan. Beberapa permasalahan tersebut antara lain kuatnya peran patronase nelayan dan pembeli yang tidak tercatat di pelabuhan perikanan, ketiadaan kepemilikan modal para pelelang ikan, dan sarana prasarana pelabuhan perikanan yang sangat minim. Oleh karena itu, Kabupaten Tangerang yang memiliki potensi perikanan mengoptimalkan peran dan fungsi Tempat Pelelangan Ikan, salah satunya adalah optimalisasi pelelangan ikan di Cituis. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu: (1) menganalisis isu dan permasalahan kelembagan Tempat Pelelangan Ikan di Pangkalan Pendaratan Ikan Cituis; dan (2) menyusun rekomendasi kebijakan dalam penguatan peran kelembagaan Tempat Pelelangan Ikan. Metode yang digunakan adalah Logical Framework Analysis, yang hasilnya menunjukan bahwa permasalahan utama di Tempat Pelelangan Ikan Cituis adalah terganggunya pelelangan ikan, yang disebabkan oleh kemampuan daya beli pedagang kecil, sistem lelang di hutang, hubungan sistem langgan, dan minimnya dana talangan. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan penguatan fungsi kelembagaan Tempat Pelelangan Ikan, penguatan peran langgan, peningkatan fasilitas pelabuhan perikanan, dan penegakan hukum.
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