KELAYAKAN USAHA BUDIDAYA KOPI CIBULAO DALAM PROGRAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT
AbstractProgram Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) merupakan suatu program pengelolaan sumberdaya hutan yang dilakukan bersama oleh Perum Perhutani dan Kelompok Tani Hutan (KTH) Cibulao Hijau berdasarkan Surat Keputusan Perhutani Nomor 682/KPTS/DIR/2009. Program ini dilakukan untuk mengatasi permasalahan pencurian tegakan pada kawasan hutan lindung disekitar Kampung Cibulao. KTH Cibulao Hijau memanfaatkan kawasan semak belukar di hutan menjadi lahan untuk ditanami tanaman kopi. Program PHBM ini memberikan manfaat kepada masyarakat Kampung Cibulao dalam aspek ekonomi, sosial dan lingkungan. Berdasarkan hasil persepsi masyarakat Cibulao terhadap manfaat program PHBM menggunakan skala likert menunjukan bahwa program ini telah memberikan perubahan yang lebih baik. Masyarakat juga telah merasakan manfaat baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung walaupun manfaat yang dirasakan belum cukup merata kepada seluruh masyarakat cibulao. Budidaya kopi Cibulao yang dijalankan oleh KTH Cibulao Hijau menunjukan bahwa program ini layak secara finansial maupun ekonomi. Berdasarkan hasil analisis menggunakan metode Cost and Benefit Analysis dengan kriteria NPV, Net B/C, dan IRR menunjukan bahwa program PHBM ini secara finansial dan ekonomi layak untuk dijalankan.
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