Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr <p>Journal of Management &amp; Agribusiness (JMA) publishes articles in agribusiness management &nbsp;fields such as agribusiness competitiveness, value chain of agribusiness, supply chain of agribusiness, and strategic agribusiness issues. JMA is published by School of Business,&nbsp;Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) associated with Indonesian Society of Agricultural&nbsp;Economics (PERHEPI/ISAE). JMA was first published at the beginning of 2004 with twice per year in frequency on march and october. Since 2012, JMA has been published three times per year on March, July and November. Editor receives articles of empirical research and reviews in agribusiness management.</p> <p>JMA is a peer reviewed journal that has been <strong>Accredited&nbsp;</strong>by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE), Republic of Indonesia No 12/M/Kp/IE/2015 which is valid for 5 (five) years since enacted on 11 May 2015. Base on&nbsp;Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia No 30/E/KPT/2018 JMA get <strong>ranked 2 accredited (SINTA 2)</strong>&nbsp;status.</p> <p>JMA has been registered in <strong>Crossref (since 2015), ACI - ASEAN Citation Index, DOAJ, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI), SINTA Rank 2, Google Scholar, </strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;</p> <p>Editors can revise the paper without changing the substance and content after a blind review process. The articles sent by the author must be an original script and is not being considered for publication by other journal or publishers.</p> <p>P-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180428118&amp;1&amp;&amp;">1693-5853</a><br>E-ISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1416204681&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2407-2524</a></p> <p>Download the <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1FaIZjInXQQDJCaS7P0CI02MVrCTP6hjy">Submissions Guidelines&nbsp;</a> and <a href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=164hotGcBgjyCYEqC0SReLbOJmdqfNv1H" target="_self">Author Guidelines</a></p> <p>______________________________________________________________</p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;"><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong> JMA started in 2018 only&nbsp;receives articles&nbsp;using english&nbsp;<strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong><strong><img src="/public/site/images/adminjmagr/icon_next.gif" alt="">&nbsp;</strong></span></strong></p> <p><strong><span style="color: blue;">______________________________________________________</span></strong></p> School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB) en-US Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 1693-5853 <p><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span></p><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol style="color: #111111; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px; line-height: 15px;" type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a style="text-decoration: none !important; color: #3b5998 !important;" href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> EFFECT OF THE GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION PROGRAM TO THE CROP INSURANCE PARTICIPATION LEVEL https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35619 <p>In addition to premium subsidies, Indonesia's government implements other intervention programs as a stimulus to boost farmers’ participation in Rice Farmers Business Insurance (AUTP). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of the government intervention program in 2019 that requires participation in AUTP as a prerequisite for redeeming subsidized fertilizer. This study also aimed to ascertain the socioeconomic factors that influence farmers to participate. Meanwhile, primary data were obtained through questionnaires distributed from March 23 to April 6, 2020, and completed by 103 farmers in 14 villages in Sliyeg, Indramayu. The data were analyzed with McNemar Test to determine the effect of farmers’ participation in AUTP when the government intervention program was implemented and terminated. Furthermore, Logistic Regression Analysis is used to ascertain the socioeconomic factors that influence farmers to participate. The result showed that the program affects their participation in AUTP. This level is higher when the program is enforced and decreased when terminated. The socio-economics variables that influenced farmers to participate in AUTP when implemented in the government program are land ownership status and land size, while only land size influenced them when terminated.</p> <p>Keywords: agriculture risk, consumer behavior, government stimulus, participation rate, premium subsidy</p> Muhammad Ibrahim Rachman Nunung Nuryartono Bustanul Arifin Toni Bakhtiar Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 1 1 10.17358/jma.18.1.1 SUPPLY CHAIN OPERATION REFERENCE ANALYSIS OF LOCAL VEGETABLE E-COMMERCE https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/34080 <p>This study aims to determine the chain of sales of vegetables in Teluk Jambe, Karawang Regency. In addition, it can cut off the chain of sales from farmers to consumers. While the scope of this study only discusses the vegetables only. This research type is descriptive qualitative and done with the concept of qualitative descriptive. Descriptive qualitative is the concept of research with the process of obtaining data that is potluck. Analyze the supply chain of vegetables commercial with the methods of Supply Chain Operation Reference (SCOR). The results of the study showed the presence of Sis-Log In Apps could be cut chain sales. So from the results of this study provide a positive impact for farmers. In conclusion, Sis-Log In Apps is designed to cut the chain of sale of commodity vegetables only. With the results as a liaison and direct intermediaries between farmers and consumers.</p> <p>Keywords: Agriculture, e-commerce, SCM, SCOR, Sis-Log In Apps</p> Hamdani Wahyudin Billy Nugraha Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 10 10 10.17358/jma.18.1.10 STRATEGIC FOOD RISKS – CHILI’S AGROSYSTEM PERSPECTIVE https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/34903 <p>The prices of strategic food commodities, namely rice, red chili, chicken, beef, shallots, eggs, sugar, and cooking oil, are monitored to measure Indonesia's inflation in the food category. This study intended to explore the chili agrosystems as an essential Indonesian daily cuisine due to its perishable nature and its variably supply chain. The state-of-the-art approach from various research databases was used and supplemented with secondary data gathered from the related enterprise. The study revealed that food strategic web-based information systems on production, consumption, and price are under different authorities. Concerning the chili case, even though there was a production surplus, price fluctuation increasing the risk of lowering motivation to plant. The number of actors involved itemizes eight chili's supply chain main patterns. In conclusion, chili trade and freight margins favoured supply chain actors but not the farmer itself. The welfare of the farmers is not good condition. It is characterized by proxy indicators, the majority of which are only slightly more than 100. The situation creates a new risk of decreasing motivation in farming. Further study using manageable chili enterprise systems is required to bring farmers closer to end consumers and improve their welfare.</p> <p>Keywords: chili agrosystem, decision support system, enterprise system, strategic food, supply chain</p> Meuthia Rachmaniah Arif Imam Suroso Muhamad Syukur Irman Hermadi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 19 19 10.17358/jma.18.1.19 THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLINESS FANATICISM OF STUDENTS TOWARDS PURCHASE INTENTION AND PURCHASE DECISION OF ORGANIC FOOD https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35623 <p>Organic food (OF) market is claimed as the fastest growing market in 20th century. Therefore, there are much research about finding factors that affect purchase intention towards OF, one of them is the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), by which it is easy to assess nine distinct food choice motives and one important domain which is represented in FCQ is food choice based on ethical reasons. However, environmental protection or ecological motives is the most important motive to consume organic food. This study aims to see how fanaticism towards eco-friendly would affect the purchase intention and decision of organic food from the student’s perspective. This study uses 250 respondents from agricultural universities in Indonesia and Thailand, picked by purposive sampling method. This study found that fanaticism towards environmental friendliness affects purchase intention of organic food and purchase intention, simultaneously affects the purchase decision significantly in both countries. The moderating effect of price only affects the effect purchase intention on purchase decision of organic food in Indonesia. This happens because Thailand and Indonesia have different fanatic score and level of household monthly income. This study is helped by SmartPLS 3.0 to run the SEM-PLS and VALS Survey to analyze characteristics of respondents.</p> <p>Keywords: environment-friendly fanaticism, organic food, purchase intention, purchase decision, VALS Survey</p> Khairiyah Kamilah Jono Mintarto Munandar Muhammad Syamsun Thirarut Worapishet Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 32 32 10.17358/jma.18.1.32 CRITICAL FACTORS IN DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE FOOD PACKAGING https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35624 <p>The sustainability issue has pushed the food industry, continually looking for new materials to reduce and replace plastics in their packaging. However, the recent development of novel materials is still less satisfactory due to different involvement from different vital players such as government, society, and industry. This paper analyzed the critical success factors of new material development for food packaging based on different key players, involvements, and interests. A survey was conducted by the authors to gather information related to the development factors and the participation factors based on the three key players. This research employed descriptive quantitative design. This design allows research to collect and describe the found clusters and factors. The results revealed that the critical success factors are classified into five clusters, namely technical substitution, technical drivers/barriers, application barriers, cost barriers, and raw material supply barriers. Differently from developed countries, the critical vital players' participation, especially from the government, was essential in developing new material for food packages.</p> <p>Keywords: critical success factor, descriptive quantitative, food industry, food packaging, sustainability development goals</p> Nyayu Lathifah Tirdasari Andina Oktariani Dikky Indrawan Nur Hasanah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 45 45 10.17358/jma.18.1.45 FRONTIER PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY OF CASSAVA CHIPS SMEs IN LAMPUNG https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35625 <p>Strengthening the downstream of the agri-food chain holds a strategic part in enhancing the rural economy. This research was conduct to analyze the frontier production efficiency of cassava chip processing in rural. Then explore the opportunity to develop productivity enhancement of small-scale cassava chips SMEs. The research location referred to the cassava production centre in Lampung, which involved six District regions. Respondent was 60 small-scale cassava industries. Field survey had taken from February to April 2017. Analyzed data designed by the frontier production and binary logistic regression model. The production efficiency value of cassava chips SMEs achieved 61% on average. The achievement value still less than the optimum efficiency. The cassava chips SMEs still operated at a medium level of technical efficiency. Input combination is not optimum, and technology facilities even limited caused the production output not to reach the manufactured capacity the production run under the capacity production. Scale-up the production capacity is necessary. The introduction of the new technology equipment opens the possibilities in scale-up capacity production. The opportunity to adopt the new cassava processing equipment's strongly was affected by human resources skills and appropriate production equipment. The cassava SMEs technology application is significantly determined by experience and production equipment. Furthermore, the proper linkage between SMEs and university or research agencies is necessary to improve technology adoption. The current micro-credit scheme is also vital in provide adequate capital on scale-up production capacity.</p> <p>Keywords: cassava, efficiency, frontier, rural, SMEs</p> Fitriani Bina Unteawati Cholid Fatih Sutarni Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 53 53 10.17358/jma.18.1.53 A CONFIRMATORY ANALYSIS OF FOOD SECURITY IN NORTH SUMATERA https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/33787 <p>This study aims to provide empirical evidence and investigations on the development of food security in North Sumatera Province (PSU). This research was conducted in districts/cities in North Sumatera Province. Data collection techniques in this study were secondary data collection (aspects of food production per year in a cycle of two harvests calculated on an average, annual population growth rate and annual rice field area), observation and interviews. The analysis technique using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The results showed that the trend of food security in the aspect of food production, in the aspect of production value, has generally decreased, so that the fulfillment of food production is only eighty percent and shortages each year are met through imports from other countries. Welfare in the PSU is determined by confirmatory factors with the availability of agricultural land, then population and food security.</p> <p>Keywords: confirmatory analysis, food security, north sumatera, agriculture, starving</p> Mohammad Yusri Satria Tirtayasa Muhammad Said Siregar R.S. Kartaatmaja Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 64 64 10.17358/jma.18.1.64 MARKETING CHANNELS ANALYSIS OF CARICA (Carica Pubescens) FARMING IN KEJAJAR DISTRICT, WONOSOBO REGENCY https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/35626 <p>The main problem of Carica farming in Kejajar District was the differences in farmers' prices in the collection and processing Carica fruit industry. The product marketed by the farmers was fresh Carica fruit and information about the minimum selling price caused them to be unable to determine the right institution. These problems affected Carica's marketing channel, leading to market inefficiencies. This study's place was selected purposively in Kejajar District, Wonosobo Regency, with the consideration that Kejajar Subdistrict is a Carica center with a production of 4,589 tons (68%) of the total Carica production in Wonosobo Regency. The research was conducted from October - November 2020. The Structure Conduct Performance (SCP) method was used to analyze the marketing channels. The results of the marketing channel analysis show that the market structure formed at the farm level was in the form of a purely competitive market, and at the trader level, the market structure was formed by oligopoly. There were six Carica-marketing channels with cash payment systems, and the merchant determined the purchase price. The highest farmer’s share and profit to cost ratio was channel I (farmer → processing industry) and VI (farmer → village collector → processing industry). The marketing efficiency analysis results show that the marketing of Carica was inefficient because the farmer's share at four marketing channels received by farmers was still less than 40%.</p> <p>Keywords: Carica (Carica pubescens), farming, marketing channels, marketing efficiency, SCP</p> Rallyanta Tarigan Alla Asmara Nia Kurniawati Hidayat Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 78 78 10.17358/jma.18.1.78 THE EFFECT OF TRANSACTION COST ECONOMICS ON HYBRID CORN FARMING INCOME IN CIHAUR VILLAGE MAJA SUBDISTRICT MAJALENGKA REGENCY https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/33623 <p>Transaction costs on corn farming can affect the income of corn farming. This research aimed to identify the transaction cost economics (TCE) structure and analyze the effect of TCE on the income of hybrid corn farming. The research method used is TCE analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. This research was conducted in Cihaur Village, Maja Subdistrict, Majalengka Regency, West Java, on 64 respondents. The research results showed that the transaction cost economics component on hybrid corn farming consists of (1) information cost; (2) negotiation cost; (3) coordination cost; (4) implementation cost; and (5) risk cost. The amount of the transaction cost that is formed on hybrid corn farming was Rp105,421.16. The percentage of transaction cost to total production cost was 2,78%. Coordination costs consisted of meeting cost, and farmer group fees have the highest transaction costs component, leading to 41,96%. On the other hand, risk cost has the lowest prices, merely 3,09%, in which there are avoiding risk cost and controlling risk cost. The results showed that the seven variables tested had significant effects on the income of corn farming. These variables included land area, fertilizer costs, seed costs, selling price, labor wages, productivity, and transaction cost.</p> <p>Keywords: income, farming, hybrid corn, production cost, transaction cost</p> Vina Rachmadina Zumi Saidah Lucyana Trimo Eliana Wulandari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 18 1 90 90 10.17358/jma.18.1.90 THE PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY OF CAYENNE PEPPER SUPPLY CHAIN IN WONGSOREJO DISTRICT BANYUWANGI REGENCY https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmagr/article/view/33477 <p>Banyuwangi Regency become one of the cayenne pepper supplier to the national market, and Wongsorejo District is the largest cayenne pepper center. The amount of supply, continuity, quality, and price of cayenne pepper in Wongsorejo District shows different values ​​over time. This can hamper the performance of the cayenne pepper agribusiness supply chain. The purpose of this study was to map the flow of cayenne pepper supply chain, and to measure the performance of the cayenne pepper supply chain in Wongsorejo District. The research method uses descriptive-qualitative analysis to map the supply chain flow of cayenne pepper, and the Hayami added value analysis method to measure the performance of the cayenne pepper supply chain. The results showed that the supply chain of cayenne pepper in Wongsorejo District consisted of Agricultural Kiosks and the Government as suppliers; farmers as producers; collector traders, wholesalers, retailers and market traders as distributors; as well as consumers. Farmers get a value added of Rp. 5.845,83/kg, wholesaler of Rp. 12.849,48/kg, and retailers of Rp. 5.323,74/kg with a marketing margin of Rp. 18.750,83/kg. The supply chain of cayenne pepper in Wongsorejo District is classified as efficient, because the profits share is greater than the costs share.</p> Annastia Loh Jayanti Kanthi Pangestuning Prapti Ahmad Hadi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2021-05-16 2021-05-16 18 1 101 101 10.17358/jma.18.1.101