EKONOMI INDUSTRI PULP DAN KERTAS INDONESIA: ANALISIS SIMULASI KEBIJAKAN DAN TEKANAN INTERNASIONAL

Bambang Widyantoro, Hermanto Siregar, Bunasor Sanim, D.S. Priyarsono

Abstract

The objectives of this study are to evaluate the impacts of relevant policy alternatives and international pressure for Indonesian pulp and paper industries on the domestic economy. Ten policy alternatives set for period 1993-2003 are simulated with a simultaneous econometric model. The two-stage least squares method was used to estimate the parameters of the behavioral equations in the model.  Using income distribution and welfare criterias, the results indicate that the objective of decreasing pulp price will  improve the welfare of Indonesian society. It is essential that the policies would avoid a monopsony of  pulpmills for the timber-estate and a monopoly for the papermills.  Not significantly, the distribution of replanting fund  will improve in a little of the domestic economy.  Since the distribution of the fund be stopped, then producers' surplus will decline and the highest income distribution will be received by small-log producers, and the income transfer effects result a net welfare gain to Indonesian society. Stock dictation will be the domestic economy worse-off, but that would not be a case in the export embargo. Indonesia will loss in foreign exchange receipts because of the decreasing interest rate and international pressures. The domestic economy will decline due to this policies and pressure, so the net transfer effects are a welfare loss to Indonesian society as a whole

Authors

Bambang Widyantoro
jma@mb.ipb.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Hermanto Siregar
Bunasor Sanim
D.S. Priyarsono
Author Biographies

Bambang Widyantoro

Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis (JMA) adalah Pulikasi dalam bentuk jurnal yang dikelola oleh Program Pascasarjana Manajemen Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor. JMA memuat informasi hasil kegiatan penelitian, pemikiran konseptual dan review bidang ilmu manajemen dan agribisnis. Jurnal ilmiah ini diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Magister Manajemen Agribisnis Program Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. Mulai diterbitkan pada tahun 2004 dengan frekwensi terbit 2 kali dalam setahun,yakni pada bulan Maret dan Oktober

D.S. Priyarsono

Staf Pengajar Program Studi Ekonomi Pertanian, Sekolah Pascasarjana, IPB
WidyantoroB., SiregarH., SanimB., & PriyarsonoD. (1). EKONOMI INDUSTRI PULP DAN KERTAS INDONESIA: ANALISIS SIMULASI KEBIJAKAN DAN TEKANAN INTERNASIONAL. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis, 3(2), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.17358/jma.3.2.103-111

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