Management Effectiveness of Southeast Aru Islands Marine Conservation Area

  • Fernando Dayandri Willem Dangeubun Department of Living Aquatic Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Pattimura University, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka Ambon, Ambon 97116, Indonesia
  • Budy Wiryawan Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • . Mustaruddin Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
  • Ari Purbayanto Department of Fisheries Resources Utilization, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, PO Box 168, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
Keywords: marine sanctuary, conservation, effectiveness, impact

Abstract

Southeast Aru Islands Marine Conservation Area (SE Aru MCA) has been existed for nearly 21 years, a period that long enough for a timely evaluation about how far improvement of management has been made in the area in question, i.e. whether management has improved situation of local communities and marine resources availability in the area. This study, therefore, aims at assessing management effectiveness and impacts of SE Aru MCA. Results suggest that the MCA, which was originally established as a marine nature reserve (Cagar Alam Laut, CAL) in 1991 and changed status into marine sanctuary in 2009, has not yet produced the expected positive impacts. Assessment using available tools indicated that the management level of SE Aru MCA is at level 1, with percentage of 34.12%, meaning it is still at initiation stage and less effective in terms of management outcomes. Index of conservation area effectiveness with a value of 0.387 shows that the overall conservation area in the 3 categories mentioned above is less effective, therefore conservation effect has not been able to solve area problems. It is concluded that, after more than 20 years exists in the area, few benefits have been produced by SE Aru MCA for local people associated with it and biological resources in it.

Published
2013-08-26
How to Cite
Dangeubun, F. D. W., Wiryawan, B., Mustaruddin, ., & Purbayanto, A. (2013). Management Effectiveness of Southeast Aru Islands Marine Conservation Area. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 19(2), 119-127. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.19.2.119
Section
Articles