Karakteristik Fisikokimia dan Sensori Mayonnaise pada Berbagai Komposisi Asam Lemak dari Penggunaan Minyak Nabati Berbeda

  • Hanifah Nuryani Lioe 1)Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor dan 2)South East Asian Food and Agricultural Sciences and Technology Center, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
  • Nuri Andarwulan 1)Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor dan 2)South East Asian Food and Agricultural Sciences and Technology Center, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
  • Dwi Rahmawati Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor
Keywords: aroma profile, fatty acid composition, mayonnaise, taste profile, vegetable oil

Abstract

Mayonnaise is an oil in water emulsion and used as condiment. Different vegetable oils used for mayonnaise production give different fatty acid compositions. The objective of this study was to determine physicochemical and sensory properties of mayonnaise in the use of different vegetable oils, by analyzing pH, color and viscosity as well as aroma and taste profiles by quantitative descriptive analysis. Sesame oil, palm oil, coconut oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, a mixture (1:1)of coconut oil and sunflower oil or palm oil and soybean oil were used in formulations to give different compositions of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA). Mayonnaise characteristics including pH, color (L) and viscosity values which were ranged at 3.12–3.87, 87.47–89.58 and 3700–5513 cp respectively, were less associated to different fatty acid compositions. This also happened to sensory profiles. However principal component analysis result could map SFA/MUFA/PUFA with different characteristics of mayonnaise color, aroma and taste. Mayonnaise samples which correlated to PUFA had lighter color, and characteristics of oily taste and oil aroma, with the use of sunflower oil, meanwhile samples of soybean oil which also correlated to PUFA had the characteristics of mustard aroma, savory taste, acid taste, eggy aroma and mustard taste. MUFA correlated to sweet taste. Characteristics of lemon aroma was close to SFA with the use of coconut oil or its mixture. Therefore, color, aroma and taste of mayonnaise can be affected by the use of different fatty acid compositions.

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Published
2018-04-30
How to Cite
Lioe, H. N., Andarwulan, N., & Rahmawati, D. (2018). Karakteristik Fisikokimia dan Sensori Mayonnaise pada Berbagai Komposisi Asam Lemak dari Penggunaan Minyak Nabati Berbeda. Jurnal Mutu Pangan : Indonesian Journal of Food Quality, 5(1), 1-9. Retrieved from https://jagb.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmpi/article/view/26171
Section
Articles