Tingkat Keterdedahan Media Massa dan Perilaku Ber-Kb pada Keluarga Pra-Sejahtera di Pedesaan dan Perkotaan

  • Asri Sulistiawati LPPM IPB University
  • Anna Fatchiya IPB University
  • Aditya Rahmadhony Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN)
  • Diah Puspita Sari Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN)
Keywords: Access, Contraceptive, Family Planning, ICT, Internet

Abstract

The service and provision of free family planning (FP) for people belonging to the Pra-Prosperous and Prosperous I is an effort to increase community participation in family planning in order to reduce the TFR figure. In general, this study aims to analyze the behavior of family planning in pre-prosperous and prosperous families, which are divided into two regional characteristics; rural and urban areas. Furthermore, this study seeks to reveal the effect of mass media exposure on behavior change. The research was carried out with a quantitative approach through a survey method which was carried out on 120 households in two different locations: West Bogor District, Bogor City and Gunung Sindur District, Bogor Regency. The results showed that most of the couples of childbearing ages (Pasangan Usia Subur/PUS) had not been exposed to the mass media, especially information regarding family planning. The level of exposure to the mass media did not have a significant effect on changes in the behavior of PUS because respondents still relied on information sourced from extension workers and cadres.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Asri Sulistiawati, LPPM IPB University

Pusat Kajian Gender dan Anak

Anna Fatchiya, IPB University

Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat

References

Abroms, L. C., & Maibach, E. W. (2008). The effectiveness of mass communication to change public behavior. Annual Review of Public Health, 29, 219–234. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090824

Ahmed, M., & Seid, A. (2020). Association between exposure to mass media family planning messages and utilization of modern contraceptive among urban and rural youth women in ethiopia. International Journal of Women’s Health, 12, 719–729. https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S266755

Ajaero, C. K., Odimegwu, C., Ajaero, I. D., & Nwachukwu, C. A. (2016). Access to mass media messages , and use of family planning in Nigeria : a spatio- demographic analysis from the 2013 DHS. BMC Public Health, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2979-z

Alganeh, H., & Endehabtu, B. F. (2019). Mass Media Exposure and use of family planning in Ethiopia: Evidence from EDHS 2016. 1–10. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.2.13811/v1

Ardiansyah, B. (2012). Effect of Mass Media on Family Planning Choices in Indonesia By Beta Ardiansyah Executive. 66, 37–39.

Babalola, S., Figueroa, M. E., & Krenn, S. (2017). Association of Mass Media Communication with Contraceptive Use in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Meta-Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys. Journal of Health Communication, 22(11), 885–895. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2017.1373874

Bappenas. (2010). Evaluasi Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana Bagi Masyarakat Miskin (Keluarga Prasejahtera/Kps Dan Keluarga Sejahtera–I/Ks–I. Bappenas.

Boulay, M., Storey, J. D., & Sood, S. (2010). Journal of Health Communication : International Perspectives Indirect Exposure to a Family Planning Mass Media Campaign in Nepal. September 2014, 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730290001774

BPS. (2017). Data Pertumbuhan Penduduk di Indonesia. https://www.bps.go.id

Creswell, J. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (fourth). SAGE publication.

de Vreese, C. H., & Neijens, P. (2016). Measuring Media Exposure in a Changing Communications Environment. Communication Methods and Measures, 10(2–3), 69–80. https://doi.org/10.1080/19312458.2016.1150441

Ekwugha, U. P., & Adum, A. N. (2014). Application of ICTs in family planning and birth control in Awka-South L.G.A, Anambra State, Nigeria. 6(December), 186–197. https://doi.org/10.5897/JMCS2014.0395

Fatema, K., & Lariscy, J. T. (2020). Mass media exposure and maternal healthcare utilization in South Asia. SSM - Population Health, 11, 100614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100614

Fatema, K., Lariscy, J. T., & Asia, S. (2020). Mass media exposure and maternal healthcare utilization in South Asia. SSM - Population Health, 11, 100614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100614

Gautam, S. K. U. M. A. R. (2016). Mass media for Health Communication and behavioural change: A theoretical framework. March, 20–36.

Gupta, N., Katende, C., & Bessinger, R. E. (2003). Associations of mass media exposure with family planning attitudes and practices in Uganda. Studies in Family Planning, 34(1), 19–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4465.2003.00019.x

Hornik, R. C. (2002). Exposure: Theory and evidence about all the ways it matters. Social Marketing Quarterly, 8(3), 31–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/15245000214135

Islam, M. M., & Hasan, A. H. M. S. (2000). MASS MEDIA EXPOSURE AND ITS IMPACT ON FAMILY PLANNING IN BANGLADESH. 513–526.

Islam, M. R., Islam, M. A., & Banowary, B. (2008). Determinants of exposure to mass media family planning messages among indigenous people in Bangladesh: A study on the Garo. Journal of Biosocial Science, 41(2), 221–229. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932008003088

Jadhav, A., & Weis, J. (2019). Mobile phone ownership, text messages, and contraceptive use: Is there a digital revolution in family planning? Contraception. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.10.004

Kabir, M., & Amirul Islam, M. (2000). The impact of mass media family planning programmes on current use of contraception in urban Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science, 32(3), 411–419. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932000004119

Konkor, I., Sano, Y., Antabe, R., Kansanga, M., & Luginaah, I. (2019). Exposure to mass media family planning messages among post-delivery women in Nigeria: testing the structural influence model of health communication. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 24(1), 18–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/13625187.2018.1563679

McQuail, D. (2010). McQuail’s Mass Communication Theory (sixth edit). SAGE Publication ltd.

Msoka, A. C., Pallangyo, E. S., Brownie, S., & Holroyd, E. (2019). My husband will love me more if I give birth to more children: Rural women’s perceptions and beliefs on family planning services utilization in a low resource setting. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 10(September 2018), 152–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2019.04.005

Nagler, R. H. (2017). Measurement of Media Exposure. The International Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods, 2014, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118901731.iecrm0144

Simamora, B. (2005). Analisis Multivariat Pemasaran. Gramedia Utama. Jakarta.

Tucunan, A., & Maitimo, B. (2018). PERAN SUMBER INFORMASI MEDIA MASSA DAN MEDIA LUAR RUANG TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN TENTANG KEPENDUDUKAN PENDUDUK DI SULAWESI UTARA. Jurnal Keluarga Berencana, 3(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37306/kkb.v3i1.7

Wakefield, M. A., Loken, B., & Hornik, R. C. (2010). Use of mass media campaigns to change health behaviour. The Lancet, 376(9748), 1261–1271. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60809-4

Yarger, J., Decker, M. J., Campa, M. I., & Brindis, C. D. (2017). Rural–Urban Differences in Awareness and Use of Family Planning Services Among Adolescent Women in California. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(4), 395–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.10.016

Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Sulistiawati, A., Fatchiya, A., Rahmadhony, A., & Puspita Sari, D. (2021). Tingkat Keterdedahan Media Massa dan Perilaku Ber-Kb pada Keluarga Pra-Sejahtera di Pedesaan dan Perkotaan. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 17(2), 246-257. https://doi.org/10.25015/17202135542