The Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Aflatoxin B1 Residue, and Histopathological Changes of Broilers Exposed to Dietary Mycosorb

  • C. L. Nalle Feed Technology Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8567-8133
  • M. A. J. Supit Animal Production Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang
  • A. H. Angi Animal Health Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang
  • N. S. Yuliani Animal Health Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang
Keywords: aflatoxin, broiler, mycotoxin binder, performance, toxicological effect

Abstract

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most dangerous type of aflatoxin that can impair poultry productivity even in low concentrations. The harmful effects of AFB1 should be minimized. The present study was conducted to evaluate the performance, nutrient digestibility, AFB1 residue, and histopathological changes of broilers fed AFB1 diets supplemented with mycosorb. Two hundred-forty 1-day old broiler chicks were allocated randomly to 24 pens (10 birds/pen). The experimental design was a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement, with AFB1 level and yeast glucomannan (mycosorb) supplementation as the main factors.  The treatment diets were control diet; control diet + mycosorb; AFB1 diets (10.36 ppb); AFB1 diets (10.36 ppb) + mycosorb; AFB1 diets (26.97 ppb); AFB1 diets (26.97 ppb) + mycosorb; AFB1 diets (61.06 ppb); AFB1 diets (61.06 ppb) + mycosorb. The results showed that there was no interaction effect was found between the level of AFB1 and mycosorb on the performance and nutrient digestibility. The level of AFB1 did not affect dry matter digestibility coefficient but affected (p<0.05) crude fat digestibility coefficient of broilers. Except for proventriculus, level of AFB1 did not affect bird’s gut size. AFB1 residue was not detected in the broiler tissues fed all diets. Mycosorb alone ameliorated (p<0.05) feed conversion ratio (FCR) of growing birds. The birds fed 61.06 ppb AFB1 diets had darker liver than those fed similar diets added with mycosorb. The addition of mycosorb in AFB1 diets did not heal the hemorrhagic intestines of the birds. In conclusion, feeding low level of AFB1 diets added with mycosorb did not improve the bird’s performance, nutrient digestibility, or gut health. Mycosorb alone improved feed efficiency of the experimental birds.

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Author Biographies

C. L. Nalle, Feed Technology Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang

Dr. Catootjie L. Nalle is an associate professor at Feed Technology Study Program- Kupang State Agriculture Polytechnic. I finished my PhD study in Nutritional Science from Massey University, New Zealand in 2009 with thesis entitled “Nutritional evaluation of grain legumes for poultry”. I have been working as a lecturer since 1995. Subjects that I teach are 1) Feed toxicology; 2) Feed control quality; 3) Poultry feed technology; 4) Poultry nutrition; 5) Experimental design; 6) Laboratory technique; 7) Processing of non-ruminant concentrate. I have participated in a number of training such as HACCP, mycotoxin analysis for feed and food. Since 2005 up to now, I have been doing a number of research about grain legumes, sago, mycotoxin, enzyme, and symbiotic in broiler ration. I have published my research articles in Animal Feed Science and Technology Journal (Elsevier), British Poultry Science, Animal, Animal Production Science, American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Science, Journal of Science and Food Agriculture, International Journal of Poultry Science, Pakistan Journal Nutrition, and International Journal of Agriculture System. (E-mail address: catootjie.nalle@staff.politanikoe.ac.id; catootjienalle@gmail.com;)

M. A. J. Supit, Animal Production Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang

Max A.J. Supit, M.Food.Tech is a senior lecturer at Animal Production Study Program Husbandry Department of Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic. I finished my Master Degree in Food Science and Technology, University of Newcastle, NSE, Australia in 2006 with a thesis entitled “Effect of  Kesambi (Schleichera oleosa) Liquid Smoke Application on Textural Properties of Beef”. I have been working as lecturer since 2004. Subjects that I teach are 1). Experimental Design 2) Statistics 3) Animal Food Production Technology 4) Feed Quality Control. I have conducted and also involved in a number of research about the use of liquid smoke on smoked beef and pork and on production of ready to use smoked seasoning as well as mycotoxin in feed which all related to food/feed safety. As member of research team I have published research articles in International Journal of Poultry Science and Pakistan Journal Nutrition.  . (E-mail address: max.supit@staff.politanikoe.ac.id; msupit@gmail.com)

A. H. Angi, Animal Health Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang

 

Dr. Andrijanto H. Angi is an associate professor at Animal Health Study Program-Kupang State Agriculture Polytechnic. I finished my Doctoral degree in Veterinary Science from Bogor Agriculture University, Indonesia in 2015 with dissertation entitled “Prevalence of trichinellosis in pigs in Kupang city slaughterhouse of East Nusa Tenggara Province”. I have been working as a lecturer since 2002. Subjects that I teach are 1) Feed toxicology; 2) Feed control quality; 3) Bacterial and Fungy; 4) Microbiology; 5) Animal Health. I have been doing a number of research about sago, mycotoxin, feed enzymes and symbiotic in broiler ration. I have published my research articles Global Veterinaria Journal, Veterinary Journal, Veterinary Investigate Journal. (E-mail address: andrijanto.angi@staff.politanikoe.ac.id; andri_angi@yahoo.com;)

N. S. Yuliani, Animal Health Study Program, Department of Animal Husbandry, State Polytechnic of Agriculture Kupang

Ni Sri Yuliani, M.Vet.Sc. is a senior lecturer at Animal Health Study Program-Kupang State Agriculture Polytechnic. I finished my Master degree in Pathology at Veterinary Science Study Program, University of Gadjah Mada, Indonesia in 2012 with thesis entitled “The efficacy of ethanol extract of Chromolaena odorata on the wound healing of Sprague Dawley mouse”. I have been working as a lecturer since 2008. Subjects that I teach are 1) Pathology; 2) Anatomy; 3) Bacterial and Fungal Disease and 4) Veterinary community health. I have been doing a number of research about phytochemical compound of Indonesian spices and plants. I have published my research articles in some national journals. (E-mail address: ni.yuliani@staff.politanikoe.ac.id; nisriyuliani@gmail.com;)

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Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Nalle, C. L., Supit, M. A. J., Angi, A. H., & Yuliani, N. S. (2021). The Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Aflatoxin B1 Residue, and Histopathological Changes of Broilers Exposed to Dietary Mycosorb. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 44(2), 160-172. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2021.44.2.160