Factor Affecting the Information Sources and Communication Channels toward Pig Farmer’s Perception of African Swine Fever in Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam

  • N. H. Qui Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • B. Guntoro Department of Livestock Social Economics, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • S. P. Syahlani Department of Livestock Social Economics, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • N. T. Linh Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, School of Agriculture and Aquaculture, Tra Vinh University
Keywords: ASF, communication channel, information source, perception, pig farmer

Abstract

The study was conducted to estimate factors affecting the information sources and communication channels that were used by pig farmers to access information about African Swine Fever (ASF) in Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam, and to determine the perception of pig farmers about ASF epidemic. The survey used the questionnaires to gather data from 150 pig farmers which was conducted in a purposive method and was analyzed by multiple logistic regression model. The respondents were pig farmers who had experienced at least one year and have been affected by ASF epidemic in raising or trading pigs and other activities of the value chain. The result showed that the decision to choose information from government extension worker as the main information resource was affected by gender, pig herd size, informal education, and formal education (p<0.01) while only gender and education affecting the choice of farming visit as their communication channel (p<0.01). When farmers can access to ASF information, they know how to anticipate the disease and deal with the outbreak. It was concluded that socio- demographic have affected the choice of information sources while only gender and formal education affected communication channels. Furthermore, when accessing information sources and communication channels, pig farmers had an awareness of basic information about ASF.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akinbile, L.A. & O.O. Otitolaye. 2008. Assessment of extension agents’ knowledge in the use of communication channels for agricultural information dissemination in Ogun State, Nigeria. J. Agric. Food Info. 9: 341-353. https://doi.org/10.1080/10496500802451426

Aldosari, F., M.S. Al-Shunaifi, M.A. Ullah, M. Muddassir & M.A. Noor. 2019. Farmers’ perceptions regarding the use of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Northern Pakistan. J. Saudi Society Agric. Sci. 18: 211-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2017.05.004

Angello, C. 2015. Exploring the use of ICTs in learning and disseminating livestock husbandry knowledge to urban and peri-urban communities in Tanzania. Int. J. Edu. Develop. Infor. Communication Tech. 11: 5-22.

Brhane, G., Y. Mammo, & G. Negusse. 2017. Sources of information and information seeking behavior of smallholder farmers of Tanqa Abergelle Wereda, central zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. J. Agri. Extension Rural Develop. 9: 47-52. https://doi.org/10.5897/JAERD2016.0850

FAO. 2020. ASF (African swine fever) situation in Asia. http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/programmes/en/empres/ASF/situation_update.html. [6 June 2020]

Frossling, J. & M. Noremark. 2016. Differing perceptions - Swedish farmers’ views of infectious disease control. Vet. Med. Sci. 2: 54-68. https://doi.org/10.1002/vms3.20

Gail, M.S. & R.A. Anthony. 2013. Analyzing and interpreting data from Likert-Type scales. J. Graduate Med. Education. 5: 541-542. https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-5-4-18

Guinat, C., B, Wall, L. Dixon, & D. U. Pfeiffer. 2016. English pig farmers’ knowledge and behaviour towards African swine fever suspicion and reporting. PLOS ONE. 11: e0161431. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161431

Guntoro, B., Subejo, & H. Sazali. 2016. Information access capability of goat farmers in Purworejo Indonesia. Information. 19: 1819-1826.

GSO. 2019. General Statistics Organization: Population and Housing Censuses. Statistics Publishing, Ha Noi.

Kante, M., R. Oboko, & C. Chepken. 2017. Influence of perception and quality of ICT-based agricultural input information on use of ICTs by farmers in developing countries: Case of Sikasso in Mali. Electronic J. Info. Systems Dev. Countries. 83: 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1681-4835.2017.tb00617.x

Kipkurgat, T. 2015. Agricultural extension services for dairy farmers in Wareng district, Kenya. Int. J. Adv. Res. 3: 273-282.

Lind, D.A., W.G. Marchal, & S.A. Wathen. 2018. Statistical Techniques in Business & Economics. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Education, New York

Lindström, T., S.S. Lewerin, & U. Wennergren. 2012. Influence on disease spread dynamics of herd characteristics in a structured livestock industry. J. R. Soc. Interface. 9: 1287-1294. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2011.0625

Mapiye, O., G. Makombe, C. Mapiye, & K. Dzama. 2019. Management information sources and communication strategies for commercially oriented smallholder beef cattle producers in Limpopo province, South Africa. Outlook Agric. 49: 50-56. https://doi.org/10.1177/0030727019860273

Mbanda-Obura, S.A., M. Isaiah, Tabu, M.A. David, & R.K. Obura. 2017. Determinants of choice of agricultural information sources and pathways among sorghum farmers in Ndhiwa Sub-county, Western Kenya. Int. J. Agric. Ext. 5: 39-49.

Melesse, B., Y. Sewnet, B. Derso, & T. Petros. 2018. Analysis of indigenous communication channels for disseminating agricultural information: The case of North Gondar zone. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management. 6: 167-177. https://doi.org/10.18535/ijsrm/v6i7.ah01

Mittal, S. & M. Mehar. 2015. Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of modern information and communication technology by farmers in India: Analysis using Multivariate Probit Model. J. Agric. Education Ext. 22: 199-212. https://doi.org/10.1080/1389224X.2014.997255

Motiang, D.M. & E.C. Webb. 2015. Sources of information for small-holder cattle farmers in Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District Municipality in the North West Province, South Africa. Appl. Anim. Husb. Rural Dev. 8: 26-33.

Msoffe, G.E.P. & P. Ngulube. 2016. Agricultural information dissemination in rural areas of developing countries: A proposed model for Tanzania. Afri. J. Library Arch. Info. Sci. 26: 169-187.

Mtega, W.P., N. Ngoepe, & L. Dube. 2016. Factors influencing access to agricultural knowledge: the case of smallholder rice farmers in the Kilombero district of Tanzania. S. Afri. J. Info. Manage. 18: 679. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v18i1.679

Nazari M.R. & M.S.B.H. Hassan. 2011. The role of television in the enhancement of farmers’ agricultural knowledge. Afri. J. Agric. Res. 6: 931-936. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR10.1154

Sebeho, M.A. & J.B. Stevens. 2019. An overview of perceptions and attitudes towards extension service delivery in Fezile Dabi District, Free State Province. S. Afr. J. Agric. Ext. 47: 61-72. https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2019/v47n1a485

Tabachnick, B.G. & L.S. Fidell. 1996. Using Multivariate Statistics. 3rd ed. Harper Collins, New York.

Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Qui, N. H., Guntoro, B., Syahlani, S. P., & Linh, N. T. (2021). Factor Affecting the Information Sources and Communication Channels toward Pig Farmer’s Perception of African Swine Fever in Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 44(2), 248-254. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2021.44.2.248